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Zhoo-Hyeon Kim

New four traits not yet reported were founded. One mutant plant was from a population of 81-1251-D-20M treated with EMS (ethylmethane sulfonate), which had tubular petals. This tubular petal plant had normal pollens in anthers, but could almost not produce its seeds without artificial pollination. It was controlled by one single recessive gene. One new spontaneous dwarf mutant line, R3-10, which bore seedcoatless-like seeds with short pappus, was crossed with normal breeding lines GL5 and 87-25M-2M. From F2 and F3 results, it was found that the two traits (seedcoatless-like and short pappus) were governed by each one single recessive gene. A stem lettuce type cultivar, `Baimach', seemed to be almost green, but was really tinged red, which was extremely suppressed in red color expression. Its tinged red color could not be seen, except on only very limited base parts of the stem and dorsal petal. In two F2 population experiments of the crosses of `Baimach' with `Oakleaf' and 98-43-3, it was found that the suppression of red color expression in `Baimach' was caused by a single recessive gene. It looked different from that of gene “v” (vanishing) by Lindqvist, because the red color of plants with “v” gene of Lindqvist were typically tinged and could be identified easily at a young plant stage, but not that of `Baimach'. I designated these new four genes as Tu-tu (Tu = normal, tu = tubular petal), Pp-pp (Pp = normal, pp = short pappus), Scl-scl (Scl = normal, scl = seedcoatless-like), and In-in (In = normal, in = inhibiting red color expression extremely).

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Kaoru Nakamura, Hirotoshi Hino, Sadao Gunji, Norio Hattanda, Toshio Murata, Hiroshi Tominaga, Koichi Fukumoto, and Ryo Akashi

reported here. Fig. 1. Flowers of ‘Mimi’ sweet pea. Origin ‘Mimi’ was derived from a cross between ‘Stella’ (female), a spring flowering type with cream flower color, and ‘Early Salmon Pink’ (male), a winter flowering type with a strong

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Mark J. Bassett and Phillip N. Miklas

flowers and seed coats. The pattern gene T is required to express totally colored seed coats with no effect on flower color, whereas t expresses white flower and is required to express seed coats with partly colored patterns (colored vs. white). The

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Valentina Schmitzer, Robert Veberic, Gregor Osterc, and Franci Stampar

/phenolics/ascorbic acid system in antioxidant defense and make the flower more vulnerable to oxidative stress ( Takahama and Oniki, 1997 ). Plant tissue color is easily obtained with a portable colorimeter and several studies showed that there is a strong correlation

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Zhiyi Bao, Bo Chen, and Hua Zhang

, and autumn were from 1 to 10 Apr., from 3 to 9 Aug., and from 2 to 6 Nov. respectively. Young leaf color, mature leaf color, underside color of young leaf, leaf shape, leaf length, leaf width, leaf length-to-width ratio, flower number, flower color

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Jason B. Scott, David H. Gent, Frank S. Hay, and Sarah J. Pethybridge

of flowers resulted in senescence of their ray florets and overestimation of flower numbers. This was problematic because more mature crops have a higher risk of lodging and the change in color with maturity from yellow to brown make the settings of

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Zhuping Fan, Yike Gao, Ling Guo, Ying Cao, Rong Liu, and Qixiang Zhang

flower color of each generation was also investigated during the blooming stage. Characteristic measuring standard. PH represented the vertical distance from the soil level to the peak of the top leaf. SH was measured from the soil level to the top part

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Laura A. Levin, Kelly M. Langer, David G. Clark, Thomas A. Colquhoun, Jeri L. Callaway, and Howard R. Moskowitz

were identified: 1) flower color; 2) flower shape; 3) flower fragrance; 4) consumer health and wellness; 5) purchase location; and 6) flower use. Six elements or word pictures relevant to each category were then developed (e.g., 1: flower color–A1