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Mohsen Hatami, Siamak Kalantari, Forouzandeh Soltani, and John C. Beaulieu

ripening indices are color of fruit flesh and TSS content ( Hatami et al., 2016 ). However, there is often noted variability between and within melon types regarding ethylene production, softening, and postharvest chilling sensitivity ( Fernandez

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Bo Zhang, Xue-Ren Yin, Ji-Yuan Shen, Kun-Song Chen, and Ian B. Ferguson

, silencing of fruit ripening-related TomLoxA and TomLoxB had no effect on volatile formation ( Griffiths et al., 1999 ). Ethylene also plays a regulatory role in volatile generation as fruit ripen ( Flores et al., 2002 ). In ‘Royal Gala’ apple

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Zhi-Rong Li, Kang-Di Hu, Fen-Qin Zhang, Shi-Ping Li, Lan-Ying Hu, Yan-Hong Li, Song-Hua Wang, and Hua Zhang

transcriptional levels, involving decline in photosynthesis and degradation of macromolecules such as proteins, lipids, and chlorophyll ( Buchanan-Wollaston, 1997 ; Smart, 1994 ). Production of ethylene plays an important role in regulating the yellowing of

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Barbara J. Daniels-Lake and Robert K. Prange

measured CO 2 concentrations and observed fry color changes (J. Walsh, personal communication). In contrast, ethylene gas in the storage atmosphere is one of several factors that are known to cause darkening of potato fry color during storage ( Daniels

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William B. Miller, Neil S. Mattson, Xiaorong Xie, Danghui Xu, Christopher J. Currey, Kasey L. Clemens, Roberto G. Lopez, Michael Olrich, and Erik S. Runkle

., 1988 ; Rademacher, 2000 ). In contrast, ethephon [(2-chloroethyl) phosphonic acid] is a PGR that releases ethylene (C 2 H 4 ), chlorine (Cl – ), and hydrogen phosphate (H 2 PO 4 − ) on application and is known to inhibit internode elongation, induce

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Warley M. Nascimento, Jairo V. Vieira, Giovani O. Silva, Kathleen R. Reitsma, and Daniel J. Cantliffe

thermodormancy in unaged but not in aged lettuce seeds. Seed aging can lead to some physiological and biochemical changes such as reduced ethylene and endo-β-mannanase activity and thus lead to thermoinhibition in germination, as observed in lettuce seeds

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Kevin Laskowski and Emily Merewitz

that treatments that inhibit ethylene improved annual bluegrass recovery following low temperature and ice conditions; and ethylene-promotive treatments reduced or had no effect on winter recovery, depending on the duration ( Laskowski and Merewitz

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Yunqing Zhu, Wenfang Zeng, Xiaobei Wang, Lei Pan, Liang Niu, Zhenhua Lu, Guochao Cui, and Zhiqiang Wang

auxin accumulation and ethylene production during the ripening process, resulting in rapid softening and a short shelf life, whereas SH fruit sustains low levels of auxin accumulation and ethylene production and barely softens on the tree or after

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Karthik-Joseph John-Karuppiah and Jacqueline K. Burns

plants, including citrus ( Citrus spp.) ( Greenberg et al., 1975 ; Ratner et al., 1969 ). Ethylene is a plant hormone that plays a major role in regulating the abscission process ( Bleecker and Patterson, 1997 ; Burg, 1968 ; Jackson and Osborne, 1970

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Steven J. McArtney, John D. Obermiller, Tom Hoyt, and Michael L. Parker

respiration and aroma production and softening of the apple flesh, are triggered by the autocatalytic rise in ethylene production ( Schaffer et al., 2007 ) that defines a climacteric fruit. Currently, the fruit maturation process can be managed in commercial