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Fan Zhang, Zi Wei, Peter Jeranyama, Carolyn DeMoranville, and Harvey J.M. Hou

). The yellow vine leaves were associated with 11% ± 5% and 14% ± 5% increase in Chl a /Chl b ratio after shading, respectively. The electron transport efficiency in PSII and the size of the quinone pool are increased. In addition, the overall

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Wei Hu, Qing Di, Jingyi Wei, Jie Zhang, and Jia Liu

, so as to maintain the higher photosynthesis level of the scion ( Gao et al., 2016 ). Previous research indicated that changes in environmental factors can alter the physiological processes of thylakoid electron transport, carbon reduction, and CO 2

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Lloyd L. Nackley, Jig Han Jeong, Lorence R. Oki, and Soo-Hyung Kim

elevated CO 2 ( Sage, 1994 ). Briefly, Rubisco capacity ( V cmax ), maximum rate of electron transport ( J max ), and A elev / A ambi (the ratio of A of elevated [CO 2 ] grown leaves over A of ambient [CO 2 ] grown leaves) at multiple C i values

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Mark J. Howieson and Nick Edward Christians

. Decreases in efficiency of PSII often are thought to be caused by an applied stress that has damaged the photosynthetic apparatus. This results in reduced efficiency of light transfer in photosynthetic electron transport ( Maxwell and Johnson, 2000

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Eric A. Curry

. Effect of hypochlorite on epicuticular wax morphology by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Fruit treated in vivo on 4 Aug. were harvested 7 d later and transported to the laboratory for examination and further analysis. Fruit were sampled according to

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Marisa M. Wall and Shakil A. Khan

mealybugs ( Dysmicoccus neobrevipes , Maconellicoccus hirsutus , and Pseudococcus cryptus ) ( APHIS, 2008 ). The island of Hawaii has a commercial electron beam facility that is used for quarantine treatment of tropical fruits. Local growers are interested

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Xiaohui Lin, Hongbo Li, Shenggen He, Zhenpei Pang, Shuqin Lin, and Hongmei Li

flowers, including carnations, are the result of stomatal water loss that gradually exceeds the rate of water uptake through the xylem vessels in the cut-stem ends ( Mattos et al., 2017 ; van Doorn, 2012 ). The stomata of higher plants occur mainly on the

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Ritu Dhir, Richard L. Harkess, and Guihong Bi

Pelargonium × hortorum ( Lee et al., 1996 ) and chile peppers ( Anchondo et al., 2001 ). Fe deficiency is accompanied by a decrease in all membrane components, including the electron carriers in the photosynthetic electron transport chain ( Spiller and Terry

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William S. Castle, James Nunnallee, and John A. Manthey

, electron release at the root surface ( Briat and Lobréaux, 1997 ; Manthey et al., 1994b ). By measuring a fundamental plant response, Fe reduction rate, in the simple test environment of a complete nutrient solution minus Fe, other possibly complicating

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Soo-Hyung Kim, Jig Han Jeong, and Lloyd L. Nackley

(2003) and Kim et al. (2007) . A total of eight parameters were calibrated for garlic leaves: Rubisco capacity at 25 °C ( V cm25 ), maximum electron transport rate at 25 °C ( J m25 ), rate of triose phosphate utilization at 25 °C ( P u25 ), dark