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Haiying Zhang, Guoyi Gong, Shaogui Guo, Yi Ren, Yong Xu, and Kai-Shu Ling

crop productivity under water-limited conditions ( Bartels and Sunkar, 2005 ). However, there is no standard method in drought-stress screening. Several factors limit the reliability of such test, including the number of plants, land size required

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Dilip R. Panthee, Jonathan P. Kressin, and Ann Piotrowski

Tomato ( Solanum lycopersicum L.) is influenced by some abiotic stresses that have a major impact on fruit quality and yield. Heat stress impacts the crop in several ways, including disruption of pollen development and viability, fertilization

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Adam Bolton and Philipp Simon

Salinity stress is considered one of the most important abiotic factors that limits the productivity of crop plants ( Flowers and Yeo, 1995 ), and the estimated global cost due to salinity is more than $12 billion annually ( Qadir et al., 2008

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Ken Shackel

water stress as a tool in irrigation management, is limited. There is evidence in many tree crops (e.g., Boland et al., 1993 ; Chalmers et al., 1986 ; Shackel et al., 2000b ) that restricted water supply (also referred to as deficit irrigation) can

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Ren-jun Feng, Li-li Zhang, Jing-yi Wang, Jin-mei Luo, Ming Peng, Jun-feng Qi, Yin-don Zhang, and Li-fang Lu

Cold stress is one of the major environmental factors that often affects crop growth, productivity, quality, and postharvest life ( Sanghera et al., 2011 ). Cold stress can be classified as chilling (0 to 15 °C) or freezing (<0 °C) stress. To cope

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Charles C. Reilly, Bruce W. Wood, and Katherine L. Stevenson

blocks based on apparent crop load in late May. Four treatments were constructed to provide four different degrees of potential physiological stress by varying water availability (i.e., “nonirrigated” versus “irrigated”) and crop load (“light crop” versus

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Sylvia Cherono, Charmaine Ntini, Misganaw Wassie, Mohammad Dulal Mollah, Mohammad A. Belal, Collins Ogutu, and Yuepeng Han

Drought is an environmental factor that causes stress in plants and restricts plant growth and development which has a great impact on crop production. It has been documented that drought stress reduces plant growth and productivity by impairing

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Yim F. So, Martin M. Williams II, and Jerald K. Pataky

Crop tolerance (CT) to weed interference is the ability of the crop to endure or avoid competitive stress from weeds without substantial reduction in growth or yield. Historically, CT has been a fundamental component of weed management, although the

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Mayashree Chinsamy, Manoj G. Kulkarni, and Johannes Van Staden

conditions as observed for 30-mL supply of nutrient solution ( Fig. 4 ). The significant results of the water stress experiment demonstrate the possibility of using less water resources to produce a quality crop. Similarly, the constant supply of VCL improved

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Christian Nansen, Rachel Purington, and Machiko Murdock

of ornamental crop plants. “Phytotoxicity” is defined as the temporary or long-lasting effects of a compound (e.g., a pesticide) on plants ( European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization, 2014 ). Above levels causing plant stress, reduction