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Huan Xiong, Ping Chen, Zhoujun Zhu, Ya Chen, Feng Zou, and Deyi Yuan

a low-yield and low-profit-per-hectare phenomenon in C. oleifera production, and various strategies have been developed for fixed heterosis in this plant to improve yield ( Chen et al., 2011 ). Crossbreeding is crucial for conventional breeding of

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Wenjing Li, Zihang Zhang, Ji Tian, Jie Zhang, Yanfen Lu, Xiaoxiao Qin, Yujing Hu, and Yuncong Yao

-red leaves, flowers, fruit peel, and pulp that can serve not only as excellent landscape varieties but also breeding material for apple varieties with red flesh. In addition, they can be used for the development of products (teas, beverages, and essential

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Anne Frary, M. Ali Keçeli, Bilal Ökmen, Hasan Ö. Şιğva, Ahmet Yemenicioğlu, and Sami Doğanlar

compared with other crops. In three separate studies, pepper ranked first with higher total antioxidant capacity (determined by summing the values for hydrophilic and lipophilic antioxidant fractions) than other vegetables such as broccoli, carrot, spinach

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Mohammad Sadat Hosseini Grouh, Kourosh Vahdati, Mahmoud Lotfi, Darab Hassani, and Nejat Pirvali Biranvand

Most fruit tree species are characterized by a high degree of heterozygosity, long juvenility, large size, and sometimes self-incompatibility. For these reasons, progress in breeding programs through conventional methods (i.e., generations of

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Hamidou F. Sakhanokho, Kanniah Rajasekaran, and Rowena Y. Kelley

μM concentration of SA was optimal for stimulation of embryo production in carrot ( Daucus carota L.) suspension cultures but that 250 μM SA concentration had a toxic effect. In our study, we did not observe any toxic effect or necrosis using higher

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Nihat Tursun, Bekir Bükün, Sinan Can Karacan, Mathieu Ngouajio, and Hüsrev Mennan

organically grown crops with weak competitive ability, like onion, leek, and carrot, more than 400 h·ha −1 of hand weeding may be necessary to reach a level of weed control comparable with that obtained with herbicides ( Vereijken and Kropff, 1996 ). Because

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Aditi D. Satpute, Chunxian Chen, Fredrick G. Gmitter Jr., Peng Ling, Qibin Yu, Melinda R. Grosser, Jude W. Grosser, and Christine D. Chase

importance in citrus-breeding programs ( Grosser and Gmitter, 2011 ; Grosser et al., 2000 ; Vardi et al., 1989 ). The novelty of somatic hybridization via protoplast fusion lies in the creation of new combinations of cytoplasm and nuclear genotypes

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Molly Felts, Renee T. Threlfall, and Margaret L. Worthington

, 2015 ). In the late 19th century, Arkansas had a significant industry growing and processing peaches to diversify farm operations. Thus, when the University of Arkansas Peach Breeding Program (Fruit Research Station, Clarksville, AR) began in the mid

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Yongqiang Qian, Deying Li, Lei Han, and Zhenyuan Sun

buffalograss for use in golf fairways is poor ball-supporting ability due to low shoot density. Improving the traits related to shoot density has been proposed as one of the goals in buffalograss breeding programs ( Johnson et al., 2000 ; Taliaferro and

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Stefania De Pascale, Luisa Dalla Costa, Simona Vallone, Giancarlo Barbieri, and Albino Maggio

vegetable crops). Genetic variation among genotypes within the same plant species has been documented, suggesting that WUE is under genetic control ( Yoo et al., 2009 ). Breeding efforts over the past 50 years have been successful at producing new, high