Competition for limited water supplies is increasing world wide. Especially hard hit are the irrigated crop production regions, such as the Lower Rio Grande Valley and the Winter Garden areas of south Texas. To develop production techniques for reducing supplemental water needs of vegetable crops, an ancient water harvesting technique called rainfall capture was adapted to contemporary, large scale irrigated muskmelon (Cucumis melo var. reticulatus L.) production systems. The rainfall capture system developed consisted of plastic mulched miniature water catchments located on raised seed beds. This system was compared with conventional dry land and irrigated melon production. Rainfall capture resulted in 108% average yield increase over the conventional dry land technique. When compared with conventional furrow irrigation, rainfall capture increased marketable muskmelon yield as much as 5355 lb/acre (6000 kg·ha-1). As anticipated,the drip irrigation/plastic mulch system exceeded rainfall capture in total and marketable fruit yield. The results of this study suggest that rainfall capture can reduce total supplemental water use in muskmelon production. The major benefit of the rainfall capture system is believed to be in its ability to eliminate or decrease irrigation water needed to fill the soil profile before planting.
Frank J. Dainello, Larry Stein, Guy Fipps, and Kenneth White
Tim R. Pannkuk
for water will take an increasing precedence in municipal water management ( Moss et al., 2013 ). Landscape water conservation methods and techniques using new technology or science-based principles will continue to contribute to managing water
Malik G. Al-Ajlouni, Dawn M. VanLeeuwen, Michael N. DeMers, and Rolston St. Hilaire
landscape were not categorized quantitatively. Kenney et al. (2004) and more recently, Al-Kofahi et al. (2012a) showed that quantitative assessments of residential urban landscapes facilitate urban water conservation because accurate landscape water
Jeff B. Million and Thomas H. Yeager
and water conservation J. Environ. Hort. 13 6 11 Belayneh, B.E. Lea-Cox, J.D. Lichtenberg, E. 2013 Costs and benefits of implementing sensor-controlled irrigation in a commercial pot-in-pot nursery HortTechnology 23 760 769 Burt, C.M. Clemmens, A
Kurt Steinke, David R. Chalmers, Richard H. White, Charles H. Fontanier, James C. Thomas, and Benjamin G. Wherley
restrictions commonly target discretionary uses such as lawn and landscape irrigation. When considering water restrictions and other water conservation methods, replacing traditional turfgrasses with native or indigenous species is often a favored approach
Sarah E. Cathey, Jason K. Kruse, Thomas R. Sinclair, and Michael D. Dukes
Demand for water used to irrigate landscapes is continuously increasing, which indicates a need for water conservation strategies. Understanding the physiological limits to maintaining turf quality under severe drought stress and subsequent recovery
Roger Kjelgren, Lixue Wang, and Daryl Joyce
sports fields are increasingly targeted for water conservation. Low water-requiring or “water-wise” urban landscaping is an increasingly important policy tool in arid/semiarid and water-limited areas in Australia and the western United States ( Hurd et
Reagan W. Hejl, Benjamin G. Wherley, James C. Thomas, and Richard H. White
One means of achieving water conservation in turf management is by providing water at rates below a plant’s maximal consumptive water use, otherwise known as deficit irrigation ( Feldhake et al., 1984 ; Fry and Butler, 1989 ; Qian and Engelke
Stefano Fiorio, Stefano Macolino, and Bernd Leinauer
As water availability for turfgrass irrigation has become increasingly limited, improving water conservation has become an important objective in turfgrass management. Most research focused on turfgrass water use has been conducted in arid regions
Bobby Mottern, Mary Haque, and Judy Caldwell
Two xeriscape gardens have been designed for the purpose of educating the public about the importance of water conservation through xeriscaping. One was designed and implemented for a temporary exhibit at the South Carolina State Fair in October of 1991. The exhibit was cosponsored by the Clemson University Extension Service and Master Gardener programs.
The second garden has been designed for the Clemson University Botanical Garden. This will be a permanant addition to the botanical garden soley for display purposes. It is designed to be a model for students, professors, and the general public to observe and study principles associated with water conservation in the landscape.