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James Bunce

. However, assessments of stomatal and biochemical limitations to photosynthesis need to take into account new information about limitations to photosynthesis imposed by the movement of carbon dioxide from inside the stomata to the site of fixation inside

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Renwei Huang, Daofeng Liu, Min Zhao, Zhineng Li, Mingyang Li, and Shunzhao Sui

heights of the plants were measured using a ruler. The flower diameters, the widths and lengths of the petals, and the thicknesses of the leaves were each measured using a vernier caliper. The lengths and widths of stomata and stomatal densities were

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Manuel G. Astacio and Marc W. van Iersel

plants ( Franks and Farquhar, 2001 ). One of the most scrutinized ABA effects is that on g S . ABA is produced in response to drought conditions, accumulating in the leaves and causing the guard cells to respond by either closing stomata or preventing

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Carole L. Bassett, D. Michael Glenn, Philip L. Forsline, Michael E. Wisniewski, and Robert E. Farrell Jr

. Furthermore, few studies of abiotic stress resistance have been reported. A thorough study of drought responses of six apple species, including M . sieversii , was reported by Jinghui et al. (1996) . Based on leaf area index, stomata density, osmotic

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Wenjie Ma, Wen Liang, and Bing Zhao

kV. Thickness of leaves, cuticle, palisade tissue, and midrib were measured and calculated from 15 observations. Stomatal density and ratio of opened stomata (the ratio of the average number of open stomata and the average total number of stomata

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Nicole L. Waterland, John J. Finer, and Michelle L. Jones

major cause of postproduction decline in greenhouse crops, and plants quickly become unsalable ( Armitage, 1993 ; Barrett and Campbell, 2006 ; van Iersel et al., 2009 ). The ABA helps plants survive drought stress by closing stomata to reduce

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Qianqian Sheng and Zunling Zhu

due to the corrosive and high oxidative properties of NO 2 , which influence various physiological and biochemical processes after entering plants via the stomata ( Lu et al., 2002 ). NO 2 can cause reductions in growth, and the amount of damage

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Xiaohua Du, Mengye Wang, Aneta Słomka, and Huichao Liu

closed plastic chamber from Oct. 2015 to Mar. 2016 and then under insect netting from Apr. to June 2016 to avoid high temperatures and insect pollinators. Five plants of each line were selected for detailed morpho-anatomic analyses. The leaf stomata size

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Richard J. Henny, James R. Holm, Jianjun Chen, and Michelle Scheiber

aforementioned morphological evaluation, the 73 plants were evaluated by measuring stomata length and then analyzed by flow cytometry. To measure stomata length, stomata of plants were “fixed” onto a glass slide using an epidermal peel. One drop of Super Glue

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Phu-Long Pham, Ying-Xue Li, He-Rong Guo, Rui-Zhen Zeng, Li Xie, Zhi-Sheng Zhang, Jianjun Chen, Qing-Lian Su, and Qing Xia

, St. Paul, MN) was placed on top of dried nail polish. The polish with an imprint affixed to the tape was peeled off and mounted on the microscope slides for observation. Stomata were viewed using a compound biological microscope, and the images were