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Mary A. Rogers

Organic vegetable production under glass or in other protected environments, hereto referred as controlled-environment agriculture (CEA) is growing, according to the 2014 census of organic agriculture reported by the U.S. Department of Agriculture

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Chengyan Yue, Helen H. Jensen, Daren S. Mueller, Gail R. Nonnecke, Douglas Bonnet, and Mark L. Gleason

organic production, to gain a price premium for their fruit. Organic apples have become popular in farmers' markets as well as in grocery stores ( Kremen et al., 2004 ). Compared with conventionally grown fruit, the price of fresh organic apples may range

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Chengyan Yue, Jennifer H. Dennis, Bridget K. Behe, Charles R. Hall, Benjamin L. Campbell, and Roberto G. Lopez

) for apples; Wessels et al. (1999) for seafood; Veisten (2007) for wood furniture; and Nimon and Beghin (1999) for apparel. Organically grown food products have become increasingly popular in recent years. Global sales of organic food products

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Zhengli Zhai, David L. Ehret, Tom Forge, Tom Helmer, Wei Lin, Martine Dorais, and Athanasios P. Papadopoulos

Organic production methods encourage the use of organic waste materials as substitutes for chemical fertilizers. This may be an effective way to use the high volumes of urban yard waste and waste organic materials emanating from dairy, poultry

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Nathan O. Nelson and Rhonda R. Janke

Philosophies of nutrient management in organic production systems focus on maintaining agricultural productivity with minimal inputs ( Elmaz et al., 2004 ; Stockdale et al., 2001 ). The end goal of nutrient management in organic agriculture is to

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Yefan Nian, Ruojin Zhao, Shufang Tian, Xin Zhao, and Zhifeng Gao

open-field organic farms significantly, especially under severe root-knot nematode [RKN ( Meloidogyne incognita )] pressure, because the graf-ting could effectively control pests and increase crop yield. Rysin et al. (2015 ) suggested that although

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Matthew D. Kleinhenz, Sonia Walker, John Cardina, Marvin Batte, Parwinder Grewal, Brian McSpadden-Gardener, Sally Miller, and Deborah Stinner

Oral Session 1—Organic Horticulture Moderator: Matthew D. Kleinhenz 18 July 2005, 2:00–4:00 p.m. Ballroom H

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George E. Boyhan, Suzzanne Tate, Ryan McNeill, and Jeffrey McConnaughey

at $33.5 million and is produced on 3400 acres ( Wolf and Shepherd, 2012 ). Organic farming has seen a surge in production in the last 15–20 years. From 1992 to 2008, total certified farm land has increased 5-fold from around 900,000 acres to 4

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Wendy A. Johnson, Raymond A. Cloyd, James R. Nechols, Kimberly A. Williams, Nathan O. Nelson, Dorith Rotenberg, and Megan M. Kennelly

Nitrogen (N) is an essential nutrient that crops require for growth and development ( Jones, 1998 ; Raven and Smith, 1976 ). The availability and form of N may vary depending on fertilizer type. Organic fertilizers, which are derived from natural

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David Granatstein and Kent Mullinix

The Pacific Northwest is a leading national producer of organic temperate tree fruits {particularly apple [ Malus × sylvestris (L.) Mill. var. domestica (Borkh.) Mansf.], pear [ Pyrus communis ], and cherry [ Prunus avium ]} because of the