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Esmaeil Fallahi and Thomas Eichert

.6–6.0 g·L −1 urea to fruit trees is not recommended because of potential leaf injury. In this experiment, the highest foliar treatment per application time (Spray3) was 16.0 g·L −1 urea in 2008 and 8.01 g·L −1 urea during 2009 and 2010 (higher than the

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Eric T. Wolske, Bruce E. Branham, and Kevin J. Wolz

fungicide regimen. Plant health is critical to plant survival and productivity. Our results indicated that for shaded systems, the injury to plants from disease is a major issue due to the increased risk of leaf injury with lower leaf density ( Gommers et al

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Rumana Yeasmin, Stephen P. Bonser, Satoru Motoki, and Eiji Nishihara

; differences in root dry biomass were also significant ( Fig. 2 ). Symptoms of temperature stress, such as narrow and yellowing leaves, were observed in asparagus plants under heat stress intensity. Leaf injury, recorded as the level of leaf browning (in

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Ravneet K. Sandhu, Laura E. Reuss, and Nathan S. Boyd

strawberries in Florida. Figueroa et al. (2005 ) reported that sulfentrazone had no effect on plant stunting, leaf injury, and strawberry yield in Ohio. Future studies are required to determine the effects and safety of other post emergence herbicides in

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Yong In Kuk and Ji San Shin

cultivars, three cultivars of cucumber (Kyeoulsalicheongjang, Baekbongdadagi, and Jangbaekdadagi) were selected based on evidence of differential paraquat tolerance at different leaf ages in previous research ( Kuk et al., 2006 ). Leaf injury for these three

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Thierry E. Besançon, Baylee L. Carr, and Albert Ayeni

3 WAT because carpetweed had not yet emerged. Crop injury was rated by scoring the crop canopy for leaf injury (necrosis and chlorosis) and general stunting compared with the untreated weed-free control on a scale of 0% (no injury or growth reduction

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María José Gómez-Bellot, Pedro Antonio Nortes, María Fernanda Ortuño, María Jesús Sánchez-Blanco, Karoline Santos Gonçalves, and Sebastián Bañón

.R. Munns, R. Von Caemmerer, S. 2002 Factors affecting CO 2 assimilation, leaf injury and growth in salt-stressed durum wheat Funct. Plant Biol. 29 1393 1403 Jiang, H. Xu, D.-Q. 2000 Physiological basis of the difference in net photosynthetic rate of leaves

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James P. Syvertsen, Juan C. Melgar, and Francisco García-Sánchez

Center, Lake Alfred (lat. 28°9′N, long. 81°73′W; elevation 51 m). Salinity stress was imposed using 50 m m Cl − , a level known to induce physiological responses and reductions in growth within 8 weeks without visible leaf injury or defoliation in well

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Abbas Lafta, Germán Sandoya, and Beiquan Mou

night, 450 µmol·m −2 ·s −1 photosynthetic photon flux density for 7 d, and then evaluated for leaf injury (rated on a 0–6 scale: 0, no injury; 1, <1/2 leaf edge injured; 2, >1/2 leaf edge injured; 3, <1/3 leaf area injured; 4, <2/3 leaf area injured; 5

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Yi Zhang, Tracey Mechlin, and Imed Dami

a week before ABA application. Abscisic acid phytotoxicity The phytotoxicity of ABA was evaluated in leaves and nodes. Visual observation of leaf distortion was made 24 h after ABA application and leaf injury was assessed and recorded a week after