multivariate ANOVA option of PROC GLM. Broad-sense heritability ( H ) of the trait was estimated by the entry mean basis ( Nyquist, 1991 ) as follows: where H represents the heritability, is genetic variance, is genotype-by-environment variance, is
Dilip R. Panthee, Chunxue Cao, Spencer J. Debenport, Gustavo R. Rodríguez, Joanne A. Labate, Larry D. Robertson, Andrew P. Breksa III, Esther van der Knaap, and Brian B. McSpadden Gardener
Fekadu Gurmu, Shimelis Hussein, and Mark Laing
the expression of traits. Therefore, the objective of this study was to determine the combining ability, type of gene action, heterosis and heritability of storage root DMC, β-carotene content, and yield-related traits of selected sweetpotato clones
Joseph G. Robins, Blair L. Waldron, and Paul G. Johnson
limiting characteristics of crested wheatgrass for turfgrass. However, the study also identified high levels of broad-sense heritability for turf quality and suggested that breeding efforts aimed at increasing crested wheatgrass turf quality would be
Gerardo H. Nunez, Hilda Patricia Rodríguez-Armenta, Rebecca L. Darnell, and James W. Olmstead
2 ) and residual variances (σ R 2 ) were used to compute the broad-sense heritability ( H 2 ) of each trait. The genetic covariance between two traits (σ G(AB) ) was used to estimate the genetic correlation between them as previously done ( Fita et
Guo-Liang Jiang, Laban K. Rutto, and Shuxin Ren
). The broad sense heritability was estimated on a genotype mean basis ( Fehr, 1987 ), as where σ g 2 is the genotypic variance, σ gy 2 is the genotype-by-year interaction variance, σ e 2 is the environmental variance, r is the number of replications
S.J. Browning, T.P. Riordan, R.K. Johnson, and J. Johnson-Cicalese
Buffalograss [Buchloë dactyloides (Nutt.) Engelm] is a drought-resistant, dioecious species, native to the Central Great Plains, which shows excellent potential as a low-maintenance turfgrass. Although buffalograss can be propagated vegetatively, there is a need for seeded turf-type cultivars. To assist in developing seeded cultivars, heritabilities of turf characteristics were estimated. Heritabilities from maternal half-sib analyses ranged from h2 = 0.04 ± 0.03 for the 1988 uniformity rating to h2 = 0.62 ± 0.26 for the 1989 spring color rating. Heritability estimates calculated from offspring-parent regression were also variable and generally lower than maternal half-sib analysis. The results suggest that some turf characteristics are highly heritable and that growing conditions markedly affect heritability estimates.
Iban Eduardo, Pere Arús, Antonio José Monforte, Javier Obando, Juan Pablo Fernández-Trujillo, Juan Antonio Martínez, Antonio Luís Alarcón, Jose María Álvarez, and Esther van der Knaap
. Heritability (h 2 ) was estimated in each location independently from the ANOVA: where NIL i is the effect of the NIL, and the estimate of h 2 was calculated as where V b and V t are the between-family (genetic variance) and total variances
Loong S. Chang, Amy Iezzoni, and Gerald Adams
Heritability and the genetic and environmental variance components of resistance to the canker-causing pathogen Leucostoma persoorrii were estimated in a population of diverse peach (Prunus persica L.)-genotypes. Disease resistance was measured as the length of necrotic tissue, i.e., canker length, following artificial inoculation in the field. Genetic and environmental variations were partitioned as variance components of the linear statistical model. Heritability was estimated by regressing average performance of seedlings on performance of their maternal parent. The genetic variance was highly significant, and the heritability for canker necrotic length was relatively high (0.72), suggesting that it should be possible to select L. persoonii -resistant individuals within the population.
I-C Wen, W.B. Sherman, and K.E. Koch
Peach-to-nectarine mutations are associated with broad pleiotropic effects. The present study addresses the heritability of nectarine-specific effects in three hybrid families. A comparison of peach and nectarine siblings showed that nectarine fruit were smaller (less fresh weight), rounder, darker, redder, and had higher levels of sugars and organic acids. These heritable characteristics are similar to effects of spontaneous peach-to-nectarine mutations described previously.
J.W. Gonzales, D.P. Coyne, D.T. Lindgren, D. Schaaf, and K. M. Eskridge
The potato leafhopper (PLH), Empoasca fabae Harris is the most important Empoasca species attacking dry beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) in North America. The objective of this study was to determine the heritability (h2) of PLH injury based on parent-offspring regression analysis of F3 means on individual F2 plants derived from crosses of pinto `Sierra' (resistant) × great northern `Starlight' (susceptible), and black bean `Tacarigua' (resistant) × `Starlight' (susceptible). Low narrow-sense heritability values of 0.29 ± 0.06 and 0.28 ± 0.10, respectively, were obtained for the above crosses. The low narrow-sense heritability estimates indicated large environmental effects on the expression of PLH injury in dry beans. An allelic test showed that both resistant parents possessed the same genes for resistance.