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S.M. Smith, J.W. Scott, J.A. Bartz, and S.A. Sargent

temperatures and dryer stem scars. Keeping fruit shaded after harvest is helpful because it reduces sun-induced fruit warming, which reduces the demand for water heating and cooler fruit are less prone to water uptake than warm fruit ( Bartz, 1999 ). Soft rot

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Silvia Jiménez Becker, Blanca María Plaza, and María Teresa Lao

estimation of the nutrient uptake can be useful tools for integrated fertigation management, permitting a more rational use of the nutrients and a higher water and fertilizer use efficiency ( Jiménez et al., 2007 , 2008 ). There are not many empirical models

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Martin P.N. Gent

decrease in water stress and an increase in leaf conductance ( Baille et al., 2001 ). However, for tomato, leaf transpiration in response to sunlight was less under shade than in a greenhouse without shade ( Medrano et al., 2004 ). Nutrient uptake and use

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Constantinos Tzerakis, Dimitrios Savvas, Nick Sigrimis, and Georgios Mavrogiannopoulos

of micronutrient accumulation in closed hydroponic systems and their impacts on micronutrient uptake. In closed hydroponics, the volume of water introduced to the system is essentially equal to that removed through transpiration if all the drainage

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Silvia Jiménez Becker, Maria Teresa Lao, and Mari Luz Segura

some mechanistic assumptions ( Pardossi et al., 2004 ). The list of factors (input or independent variables) assumed to influence crop mineral relations such as environmental conditions and water uptake can be regarded as a mechanistic assumption in

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Lucas O’Meara, Matthew R. Chappell, and Marc W. van Iersel

-tolerant plants can undergo osmotic adjustment in the root and leaf tissues that enable the plant to preserve the water potential gradient necessary to facilitate water uptake under drought conditions ( Hsiao and Xu, 2000 ). As the water content within the plant

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Erin P. Moody, John M. Dole, and Jared Barnes

uptake is one of the most important factors in improving the length of vase life of cut flowers ( Halevy and Mayak, 1979 ). As the leaves on the flowers transpire, water is drawn up through the xylem. If this process is impeded by a vascular blockage or

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Iftikhar Ahmad, John M. Dole, Atyab Amjad, and Sagheer Ahmad

events, when demand exceeds supply, to increase profitability. Cut stems placed in water will develop a negative water balance when water uptake is less than water loss. This situation is often the result of xylem plugging at the stem base ( van Meeteren

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Genhua Niu and Raul I. Cabrera

, water extraction, selective plant uptake from plant roots, and replenishment by irrigation or rainfall ( Tanji, 2002 ). Salt accumulation in substrates is also influenced by plant taxa and genotypes, substrate physical–chemical properties, plant water

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Aidan D. Farrell, Sarah Evelyn, Adrian M. Lennon, and Pathmanathan Umaharan

associated with differences in the pattern of water uptake from the vase, which led the authors to suggest that the extent of occlusion may be a factor in determining water uptake. However, although occlusion has been shown to occur in cut flowers of other