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Qi Zhang and Kevin Rue

High soil salinity is often problematic to turfgrass managers. Salinity causes osmotic stress (i.e., physiological drought), ion imbalance, and phytotoxicity and adversely affects plant growth and development ( Qian and Harivandi, 2007 ), resulting

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Jayne M. Zajicek and J.L. Heilman

, Wallace Menn, and Sam Sifers for their assistance in maintaining the research site at the Texas A&M Univ. Turfgrass Field Laboratory. The cost of publishing this paper was defrayed in part by the payment of page charges. Under postal regulations, this

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Ian Lane, Eric Watkins, and Marla Spivak

addition, there is still a strong cultural connection with turf lawns ( Harris et al., 2013 ), and an intermediate flowering lawn that combines turfgrass and floral species may have broader and more practical appeal, especially for recreational use. For

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Thomas O. Green, John N. Rogers III, James R. Crum, Joseph M. Vargas Jr., and Thomas A. Nikolai

Turfgrass health is a major concern for golf course managers. Dollar spot ( Salgado-Salazar et al., 2018 ; Smiley et al., 1992 ) is the most common foliar disease in the upper Midwest affecting turfgrass quality and playability resulting in the

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Monika Ghimire, Tracy A. Boyer, Chanjin Chung, and Justin Q. Moss

The turfgrass industry is expanding rapidly as one of the fastest growing segments of agriculture sales in the United States due to its aesthetic benefits for residential and commercial properties ( Haydu et al., 2006 ; Morris, 2003 ). The total

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Chunhua Liu and R.J. Cooper

1 Former graduate student. This work was supported in part by state and Hatch Act funds allocated to the North Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station. Additional support was provided by the Turfgrass Council of North Carolina.

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Sheng Wang, Qi Zhang, and Eric Watkins

Prairie junegrass or junegrass ( Koeleria macrantha ), a cool-season, perennial, short-grass prairie species, is native to North America ( Robertson, 1974 ). It possesses many characteristics ideal for low-maintenance turfgrass use such as a slow

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Benjamin L. Campbell, Julie H. Campbell, and Joshua P. Berning

products based on their consumer base and relative to their competitors. As a result, a variety of GMO labels are likely to be seen, including GMO-free labels appearing on turfgrasses that are not GMO. To date, no research has examined how GMO turfgrass

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Ugur Bilgili, F. Olcay Topac-Sagban, Irfan Surer, Nejla Caliskan, Pervin Uzun, and Esvet Acikgoz

repopulation of fecal coliform bacteria occurred in soil amended with sludge after rainfall. Few studies on the application of sludge as a soil amendment for turfgrass production have been conducted. Nevertheless, the results of a previous study demonstrated

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E.H. Ervin, C.H. Ok, B.S. Fresenburg, and J.H. Dunn

1 Assistant Professor. 2 Graduate Research Assistant. 3 Research Associate. 4 Professor. Research supported by the Missouri Valley Turfgrass Association, the Mississippi Valley Golf Course Superintendent's Association, and the Univ. of