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Wojciech J. Janisiewicz, Robert A. Saftner, William S. Conway, and Philip L. Forsline

. Moore J.N. Fruit breeding, Volume I: Tree and tropical fruits John Wiley & Sons New York Janisiewicz, W.J. Korsten, L. 2002 Biological control of postharvest diseases of fruits Annu. Rev. Phytopathol. 40

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Chengyan Yue, R. Karina Gallardo, James Luby, Alicia Rihn, James R. McFerson, Vicki McCracken, David Bedford, Susan Brown, Kate Evans, Cholani Weebadde, Audrey Sebolt, and Amy F. Iezzoni

developing new cultivars using marker-assisted breeding. The scientist described the potential benefits of using marker-assisted breeding, provided updates on their local current breeding programs, and explained the fruit quality/tree traits to be presented

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Mercè Rovira, Juan Francisco Hermoso, and Agustí J. Romero

Italian cultivars with native Spanish cultivars and cultivars from the main breeding program based at OSU in the United States, from which several cultivars have been released ( McCluskey et al., 1997 , 2001 , 2009 ; Mehlenbacher, 1995 , 2007 ), most

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Peter J. Zale, Daniel K. Struve, Pablo Jourdan, and David M. Francis

tree ideotype. The data suggested formulation of two selection indices for plants in our population that reflect our breeding goals. The high and positive phenotypic and genetic correlations between number of branches and early flower production

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Phillip A. Wadl, John A. Skinner, John R. Dunlap, Sandra M. Reed, Timothy A. Rinehart, Vincent R. Pantalone, and Robert N. Trigiano

pollinations. The cultivars were container-grown and the breeding lines were field-grown trees that were grown to maturity from seed that was obtained from Polly Hill. ‘Appalachian Spring’ has large white bracts and dark green foliage that changes into

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Rayane Barcelos Bisi, Rafael Pio, Daniela da Hora Farias, Guilherme Locatelli, Caio Morais de Alcântara Barbosa, and Welison Andrade Pereira

with other fruit trees. However, Sanzol and Herrero (2002) believe that the limited number of parents used in pear tree breeding programs could have increased the frequency of incompatibility between new cultivars. Sanzol et al. (2006) also explained

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Cindy B.S. Tong, Hsueh-Yuan Chang, James J. Luby, David Bedford, Benham E.L. Lockhart, Roy G. Kiambi, and Dimitre Mollov

months after germination, 2) second test trees in the breeding program’s evaluation orchard that were grafted onto B9 or M.26 rootstocks, 3) top-worked trees, and 4) rootstock trial trees in a block, all of which had been grafted onto B.118 rootstock

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Alan T. Whittemore and Alden M. Townsend

to plastic vials, and then stored at 4 °C. About 7 d before natural flowering occurred on trees designated as female parents, white nonwoven polyester pollination bags (Plant Breeding Supplies International, Scarborough, England) were placed over the

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Phillip A. Wadl, Robert N. Trigiano, Dennis J. Werner, Margaret R. Pooler, and Timothy A. Rinehart

Cercis canadensis , a leguminous tree, is native to North America and cultivated widely as an ornamental. Flowers emerge directly from the stem or trunk before the leaves early in the spring. Petal colors range from purple to pink to red or white. A

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Narinder P.S. Dhillon, Supannika Sanguansil, Roland Schafleitner, Yen-Wei Wang, and James D. McCreight

a single gene, with more bitterness dominant to less ( Suribabu et al., 1986 ). Saponins, momordicosides K and L, as well as momordicines I and II cause the bitter taste ( Harinantenaina et al., 2006 ). A major part of plant breeding success has come