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Kunkun Li, Weiqi Dong, Yun Zhao, Hongxia Xu, Junwei Chen, and Changjie Xu

Rosaceae or non-Rosaceae woody plants ( Aldwinckle and Malony, 2009 ; Petri and Burgos, 2005 ). However, in loquat, there are few studies on aseptic germination of seeds and use of seedlings for regeneration ( Wu et al., 2007 ), and a comparison of aseptic

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Xiuli Shen, William S. Castle, and Frederick G. Gmitter Jr

., 1990 ). A single mature tree of Casuarina is capable of producing a large quantity of cones that each yield many seeds ( El-Lakany et al., 1989 ; Turnbull and Martensz, 1982 ). However, the seeds of Casuarina spp. often germinate poorly ( Jerlin

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Carlos De la Cuadra, Alexis K. Vidal, Patricia Peñaloza, Leví Mansur, and Carlos Huenchuleo

strategies of desert species include the formation of persistent seed banks and latency mechanisms that allow the seeds to remain viable for long periods until conditions for germination and propagation of the plants become favorable. Considering that Z

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Guodong Liu, D. Marshall Porterfield, Yuncong Li, and Waldemar Klassen

A high seed germination percentage is a prerequisite for successful commercial vegetable production. Seed vigor, appropriate temperature, and oxygen and water bioavailability are key factors in high percentages of seed germination ( Bewley and Black

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W. Roland Leatherwood, D. Mason Pharr, Lisa O. Dean, and John D. Williamson

., 2000 ). For instance, RFOs accumulate during seed maturation where they are believed to form, with sucrose, a vitrified environment that stabilizes desiccated seed membranes. Upon germination, RFOs are converted rapidly to monomeric sugars ( Obendorf

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Dilinuer Shalimu, Ke Li, Carol C. Baskin, Jerry M. Baskin, and Yujun Liu

, 2000 ). The purpose of our study was to gain a better understanding of the dormancy breaking and germination requirements of pomegranate seeds to facilitate growing genetically diverse plants for selection of new cultivars. Previous studies have shown

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Patrick J. Conner

100 years and routinely germinates large seedling populations. In the only published study on muscadine seed germination to our knowledge, Nesbitt et al. (1976) found that germination rates in excess of 90% could be obtained by cold-stratifying seed

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Yunpeng Gao, Mingwei Zhu, Haoyu Wang, and Shuxian Li

Seed dormancy refers to the state in which an intact viable seed does not complete germination under favorable conditions ( Finch-Savage and Leubner-Metzger, 2006 ). Normally, the dormancy is influenced by the embryo and its surrounding layers (e

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Norman Q. Arancon, Archana Pant, Theodore Radovich, Nguyen V. Hue, Jesse K. Potter, and Chad E. Converse

, 2000b ). Arancon et al. (2007) and Edwards et al. (2006) demonstrated an enhanced seed germination and growth of tomato and cucumber plants with the application of vermicompost extracts to the growth media. Lazcano et al. (2010) reported the

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Juan Carlos Diaz-Perez, W. Keith Jenkins, Dharmalingam Pitchay, and Gunawati Gunawan

For premium quality transplant production, it is critical to provide balanced and complete nutrition before and after seed germination. In organic production systems, nutrient management is complex and variable, unlike in inorganic production