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Richard L. Hassell, Frederic Memmott, and Dean G. Liere

water, and then treated with fungicides or disinfectant, e.g., Physan 20 or peroxyacetic acid/hydrogen peroxide, to minimize the microorganism damage to the graft. The rootstock should have good tolerance to abiotic stress, resistance to soilborne

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Ronald S. Thomas and Jack E. Staub

Abbreviations: CWSI, crop water stress index; OVR, overall fruit quality rating; P, photosynthesis; PFD, pillowy fruit disorder; RH, relative humidity; SMT, soil moisture tensions; SR, stomatal resistance; VPD, vapor pressure deficit. 1 Former

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Holly A. Little, Rebecca Grumet, and James F. Hancock

crop development ( Mihaliak, 2002 ). A much broader range of traits and variety of genes are under currently under development by public researchers and private companies throughout the world. These include genes engineered to confer increased stress

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Chenping Xu and Beiquan Mou

and physiology. With regard to nutritional quality, previous studies indicated that mild environmental stress or low fertilization could be exploited to enhance nutritional values of vegetable crops. Low N fertilization ( Galieni et al., 2015

Open access

Guoting Liang, Junhui Liu, Jingmin Zhang, and Jing Guo

the shortage and uneven distribution of water resources, water has become an important factor limiting crop yields in China ( Miao et al., 2017 ). Crop losses caused by drought are the highest among losses caused by all abiotic stresses ( Placide et al

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Preston K. Andrews, David J. Chalmers, and Mapasaka Moremong

Abbreviations: A, alfalfa; CWSI, crop water stress index; CTV, canopy-temperature-variability; D, drainage; ET, evapotranspiration; FI, full irrigation; H, herbicide strip; I, irrigation, IR, infrared P, black plastic mulch; R n , net radiation; SDD

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Deron Caplan, Mike Dixon, and Youbin Zheng

the present study, drought stress was applied to a chemovar II cultivar during week 7 of the flowering stage. It was hypothesized that controlled drought stress may be a valuable tool for growers to improve the quality of their cannabis crops. The

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Suejin Park, Youyoun Moon, and Nicole L. Waterland

in this study. Calcium acts as a secondary messenger regulating stress mechanisms that help plants adjust to adverse environments ( Ranty et al., 2016 ). Exogenous calcium treatments have been observed to enhance tolerance in several crops under

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Claire Woodward, Lee Hansen, Fleur Beckwith, Regina S. Redman, and Rusty J. Rodriguez

coastal plants are able to confer heat and salt tolerance to crop plants such as cucurbits or tomato, respectively ( Rodriguez et al., 2008 ). The ability of endophytes to confer stress tolerance to both monocots and eudicots suggests that the genetic

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Xunzhong Zhang, Mike Goatley, Jamie Conner, Megan Wilkins, Inna Teshler, Jun Liu, Michael Fefer, and Wenzi Ckurshumova

Sustainable agriculture has the potential to provide for an ever-increasing human population ( Mishra et al., 2012 ). Without intervention, the usual losses of crop yield due to biotic and abiotic stresses may, in a near future, be amplified by