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Peter Alem, Paul A. Thomas, and Marc W. van Iersel

( Nelson et al., 2012 ), but there are no guidelines on how to manipulate fertilization practices to produce plants with a specific height. The use of WD to control plant growth is not new ( Hendriks and Ueber, 1995 ). However, it has been difficult for

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Huan Zhang, Carol Miles, Shuresh Ghimire, Chris Benedict, Inga Zasada, Hang Liu, and Lisa DeVetter

plant growth, modified soil temperature and moisture, and increased yields ( Kasirajan and Ngouajio, 2012 ; Lamont, 2017 ; Miles et al., 2012 ). PE mulch use in perennial systems is limited, but has demonstrated benefits such as improved weed

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Aaron L. Warsaw, R. Thomas Fernandez, Bert M. Cregg, and Jeffrey A. Andresen

, and California ( Beeson et al., 2004 ). To meet current legislation, prepare for future legislation, and ease mounting public concern, ways to reduce runoff without detracting from plant growth must be developed. One way to reduce runoff is by

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Jaume Lordan, Terence L. Robinson, Mario Miranda Sazo, Win Cowgill, Brent L. Black, Leslie Huffman, Kristy Grigg-McGuffin, Poliana Francescatto, and Steve McArtney

branching ( Basak et al., 1992 ). MaxCel ® , a cytokinin plant growth regulator that is already labeled for several uses on apples, was registered for chemical branching of nursery apple trees in the United States in 2013. Most of the published branching

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Bärbel Röck-Okuyucu, Meltem Bayraktar, Ismail Hakki Akgun, and Aynur Gurel

tested using the least significant difference test at the 0.01 level of significance. Results Effect of different explant types and PGRs on shoot proliferation and in vitro plant growth. To determine a suitable medium for an efficient in vitro propagation

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Jonathan Ebba, Ryan W. Dickson, Paul R. Fisher, Crysta N. Harris, Todd Guerdat, and Sofia Flores

, SPAD chlorophyll index, dry weight, and tissue nitrogen (N)] during a simulated consumer phase compared with plants that received only water-soluble fertilizer (WSF) during production. Plant growth regulators (PGRs) applied during production also have

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Brígida Resende Almeida, Suzan Kelly Vilela Bertolucci, Alexandre Alves de Carvalho, Heitor Luiz Heiderich Roza, Felipe Campos Figueiredo, and José Eduardo Brasil Pereira Pinto

.49 g/plant) ( Fig. 1C ). Calcium plays an important role in plant growth and development, particularly with regard to cell wall formation and in the meristematic regions ( Veígas et al., 2013 ). Nitrogen is the nutrient most required by plants and is

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James Robert Ault and Sandy S. Siqueira

appears to be only one previously published report on the tissue culture of this taxon ( Mori et al., 2005 ). Therefore, shoot, root, and callus induction were examined in L. michiganense in response to treatment with four auxin-type plant growth

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Wenjing Guan, Dean Haseman, and Dennis Nowaskie

total yield were analyzed using PROX MIXED procedure SAS 9.4 (SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC). Plant growth was analyzed for each season separately. Normality, homogeneity of variances, and linearity were tested. Tukey’s honestly significant difference

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Mary Jane Clark and Youbin Zheng

.g., modules) is required to meet the needs of the green roof industry. Similar to ornamental crop production (i.e., Salifu and Jacobs, 2006 ; Zhang et al., 2012 ), adequate fertility is essential for green roof plant production to encourage plant growth