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Chen Xingwei, Thohirah Lee Abdullah, Sima Taheri, Nur Ashikin Psyquay Abdullah, and Siti Aishah Hassan

yield (40–60 d after anthesis). Water stress during the early fruit developmental stage could induce the production of stress-induced hormones or growth inhibitors such as abscisic acid leading early fruit dropping. Successful pollination coupled with

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Shuming Ju, Lingzhen Ji, and Delan Xu

application of the growth inhibitor paclobutrazol and calcine during autumn could inhibit significantly the growth of redwood branches and improve the cold resistance of the tree ( Ju et al., 2019 , 2020 ). The regulation of endogenous hormones in plant

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Michelle DaCosta and Bingru Huang

. When plants were rewatered after drought stress, ABA levels dropped and iPA content increased to prestress levels. As discussed previously, ABA is considered a growth inhibitor whereas cytokinins act as growth promoters. Therefore, the decline in ABA

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Daniel Hargey, Benjamin Wherley, Andrew Malis, James Thomas, and Ambika Chandra

(ed.). Handbook of turfgrass management and physiology. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL Fagerness, M.J. Penner, D. 1998 Spray application parameters that influence the growth inhibiting effects of trinexapac-ethyl Crop Sci. 38 1028 1035 Fagerness, M

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Fang Xiao, Zaiqiang Yang, Haijing Huang, Fei Yang, Liyun Zhu, and Dong Han

-promoting hormones, N can promote their accumulation, and ABA is a growth-inhibiting hormone, which starts and promotes plant senescence ( Wang et al., 1994 ). This study showed that the contents of ZT and GA 3 were the highest in N3, the content of ABA was the

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Rangjian Qiu, Yuanshu Jing, Chunwei Liu, Zaiqiang Yang, and Zhenchang Wang

way of plant growth, inhibiting the crop yield. However, a water deficit caused by high salinity may also improve fruit quality ( Adams and Ho, 2015 ; Chen et al., 2016 ; Rubio et al., 2009 ). The simultaneous control of yield and fruit quality is

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Marianne Andresen and Nina Cedergreen

beet, oat, and barley, respectively), and the size of the biomass increase was 27%, 39%, and 41% in beet, oat, and barley, respectively. The growth increase was visible not only in DW, but also by the eye. A small growth-inhibiting effect was observed

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Yan-xin Duan, Ying Xu, Ran Wang, and Chun-hui Ma

frequently reported, little has been done on Asian pear cultivars. Prohexadione calcium (P-Ca) inhibits the biosynthesis of gibberellin ( Evans et al., 1999 ; Rademacher et al., 2004 ). Compared with other three triazole growth inhibitors, P-Ca has low

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Ryan W. Dickson, Kalyn M. Helms, Brian E. Jackson, Leala M. Machesney, and Jung Ae Lee

materials to leach growth inhibiting compounds into the root zone ( Bugbee and Heins, 2018 ; Bunt, 1988 ; Ortega et al., 1996 ), particularly if the wood was not adequately aged or processed. Similarly, certain peat and coir materials have been reported to

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Marc-André Sparke, Achim Wegscheider, Patrick Winterhagen, Ute Ruttensperger, Martin Hegele, and Jens Norbert Wünsche

growth-inhibiting effect caused by a direct physical impact by touching, rubbing, or brushing is mainly used to improve plant quality criteria such as stability and appearance, thereby increasing the market value of greenhouse-raised plants ( Garner and