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Kadir Uğurtan Yılmaz, Sezai Ercişli, Bayram Murat Asma, Yıldız Doğan, and Salih Kafkas

, germplasm conservation, and construction of core collections in Prunus . Literature Cited Aradhya, M.K. Weeks, C. Simon, C.W. 2004 Molecular characterization of variability and relationships among seven cultivated and selected wild species of Prunus L

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Ricardo Goenaga, Mark Guiltinan, Siela Maximova, Ed Seguine, and Heber Irizarry

to improve yield per area, germplasm conservation, and rapid distribution of high-yielding clones ( Maximova et al., 2008 ). Somatic embryogenesis using floral explants has been the only method successfully developed for the de novo regeneration of

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Ze Li, Xiaofeng Tan, Zhiming Liu, Qing Lin, Lin Zhang, Jun Yuan, Yanling Zeng, and Lingli Wu

germplasm conservation exchange. The protocol might also be useful for agrobacterium-mediated transformation to introduce genes for increasing resistance of this important species. Literature Cited Al Malki, A.A.H.S. Elmeer, K.M.S. 2010 Influence of auxin

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Luping Qu and Mark P. Widrlechner

not be overlooked in ex situ germplasm conservation ( Sackville Hamilton et al., 2003 ).Variation in plant sexual breeding systems ranges from cleistogamy and in-bud pollination, mechanisms to ensure self-pollination, to mechanisms that foster cross

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Rose Palumbo, Wai-Foong Hong, Guo-Liang Wang, Jinguo Hu, Richard Craig, James Locke, Charles Krause, and David Tay

( Ravindra et al., 2004 ) and genetic transformation ( Hassanein et al., 2005 ; Winkelmann et al., 2005 ). The United States' floricultural industry ranked Pelargonium as one of the three most important floral species for germplasm conservation ( Tay

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Keith O. Fuglie

. The questionnaire included sections for describing priority needs for crop improvement (breeding), vegetative propagation, crop management (including pests, disease, soil, and water), germplasm conservation, postharvest and marketing, impact assessment

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Zahra Noormohammadi, Mehdi Hosseini-Mazinani, Isabel Trujillo, Luis Rallo, Angjelina Belaj, and Majid Sadeghizadeh

showed the use of SSR markers in identification and discrimination of the olive cultivars under study. Attempts have been started to improve and develop olive germplasm collection and olive orchards in Iran. Programs such as identification of germplasm

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Song-jun Zeng, Zhi-lin Chen, Kun-lin Wu, Jian-xia Zhang, Cheng-ke Bai, Jaime A. Teixeira da Silva, and Jun Duan

plantlets, enhancing the commerce importance for the mass production of N. zhejiangensis . Whether that callus or PLBs can be used for short-term or long-term germplasm conservation depends on further studies of genetic stability. Literature Cited Arditti

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Yaser Hassan Dewir, Abdulhakim A. Aldubai, Rashid Sultan Al-Obeed, Salah El-Hendawy, Mayada Kadri Seliem, and Khadija Rabeh Al-Harbi

. Germplasm conservation through plant tissue culture techniques therefore provides means to conserve this endangered plant. Literature Cited Agrawal, V. Sardar, P.R. 2007 In vitro regeneration through somatic embryogenesis and organogenesis using cotyledons

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George E. Boyhan, Suzzanne Tate, Ryan McNeill, and Jeffrey McConnaughey

. The National Association of Plant Breeders (NAPB) recommendations for improving germplasm lists field-based plant breeding capacities, second only to germplasm conservation as goals for the next 5 years ( NAPB, 2011 ). In a review article, Lammerts