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Luping Qu and Mark P. Widrlechner

not be overlooked in ex situ germplasm conservation ( Sackville Hamilton et al., 2003 ).Variation in plant sexual breeding systems ranges from cleistogamy and in-bud pollination, mechanisms to ensure self-pollination, to mechanisms that foster cross

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Zahra Noormohammadi, Mehdi Hosseini-Mazinani, Isabel Trujillo, Luis Rallo, Angjelina Belaj, and Majid Sadeghizadeh

showed the use of SSR markers in identification and discrimination of the olive cultivars under study. Attempts have been started to improve and develop olive germplasm collection and olive orchards in Iran. Programs such as identification of germplasm

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Christopher M. Richards, Gayle M. Volk, Patrick A. Reeves, Ann A. Reilley, Adam D. Henk, Philip L. Forsline, and Herb S. Aldwinckle

, J. Taba, S. Shands, H. 2005 A sampling strategy for conserving genetic diversity when forming core subsets Crop Sci. 45 1035 1044 Frankel, O.H. 1984 Genetic perspectives on germplasm

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Song-jun Zeng, Zhi-lin Chen, Kun-lin Wu, Jian-xia Zhang, Cheng-ke Bai, Jaime A. Teixeira da Silva, and Jun Duan

plantlets, enhancing the commerce importance for the mass production of N. zhejiangensis . Whether that callus or PLBs can be used for short-term or long-term germplasm conservation depends on further studies of genetic stability. Literature Cited Arditti

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Yaser Hassan Dewir, Abdulhakim A. Aldubai, Rashid Sultan Al-Obeed, Salah El-Hendawy, Mayada Kadri Seliem, and Khadija Rabeh Al-Harbi

. Germplasm conservation through plant tissue culture techniques therefore provides means to conserve this endangered plant. Literature Cited Agrawal, V. Sardar, P.R. 2007 In vitro regeneration through somatic embryogenesis and organogenesis using cotyledons

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Ricardo Goenaga, Mark Guiltinan, Siela Maximova, Ed Seguine, and Heber Irizarry

to improve yield per area, germplasm conservation, and rapid distribution of high-yielding clones ( Maximova et al., 2008 ). Somatic embryogenesis using floral explants has been the only method successfully developed for the de novo regeneration of

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Ze Li, Xiaofeng Tan, Zhiming Liu, Qing Lin, Lin Zhang, Jun Yuan, Yanling Zeng, and Lingli Wu

germplasm conservation exchange. The protocol might also be useful for agrobacterium-mediated transformation to introduce genes for increasing resistance of this important species. Literature Cited Al Malki, A.A.H.S. Elmeer, K.M.S. 2010 Influence of auxin

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Rose Palumbo, Wai-Foong Hong, Guo-Liang Wang, Jinguo Hu, Richard Craig, James Locke, Charles Krause, and David Tay

( Ravindra et al., 2004 ) and genetic transformation ( Hassanein et al., 2005 ; Winkelmann et al., 2005 ). The United States' floricultural industry ranked Pelargonium as one of the three most important floral species for germplasm conservation ( Tay

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Esther Giraldo, Margarita Lopez-Corrales, and Jose Ignacio Hormaza

diversity. This resulted in a reduction of the initial number of 209 accessions to 104 referenced cultivars. Further work with other fig germplasm collections is required to establish common criteria for cultivar naming and optimizing fig germplasm

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Keith O. Fuglie

. The questionnaire included sections for describing priority needs for crop improvement (breeding), vegetative propagation, crop management (including pests, disease, soil, and water), germplasm conservation, postharvest and marketing, impact assessment