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Zhanao Deng, Fahrettin Goktepe, and Brent K. Harbaugh

asexually propagated through tuber division ( Wilfret, 1993 ). The ornamental value of caladium in the container or in the landscape depends, to a large extent, on its leaf characteristics, including leaf shape, color, and color pattern. Improving these

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Suparna K. Whale and Zora Singh

warmer parts of the world, including the Mediterranean regions, California, South Africa, and Australia. However, optimum fruit color development, particularly red blush at harvest, is still a major problem with ‘Pink Lady’ apples in these apple

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Javier Obando, Juan Pablo Fernández-Trujillo, Juan Antonio Martínez, Antonio Luis Alarcón, Iban Eduardo, Pere Arús, and Antonio José Monforte

quality traits, including morphological traits, skin and flesh color, skin texture, sugar levels, aroma, and climacteric and nonclimacteric ripening ( Artés et al., 1993 ; Liu et al., 2004 ; Monforte et al., 2005 ; Pardo et al., 2000 ; Seymour and

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Ying Fang, Ting Lei, Yanmei Wu, and Xuehua Jin

The flower color of ornamental plants has attracted much attention ( Qu et al., 2018 ). Research on the mechanisms of color formation in nonmodel ornamental plants can lead to a better understanding of plant color–related genetic resources

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Giverson Mupambi, Nadia A. Valverdi, Hector Camargo-Alvarez, Michelle Reid, Lee Kalcsits, Tory Schmidt, Felipe Castillo, and Jonathan Toye

quality directly attributable to the improvement of light availability into the canopy ( Corelli-Grappadelli, 2003 ). The deployment of reflective groundcover late in the growing season can improve fruit color in red or partially red apple cultivars

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Dennis R. Decoteau

effects attributed to the use of plastic mulch appear directly related to changes in plant microclimate ( Decoteau, 2005 ; Decoteau et al., 1986 ; Kasperbauer and Hunt, 1998 ). We have previously reported that mulch surface color can influence tomato

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Michael J. Costello and W. Keith Patterson

, 2012 ). We present the results of these studies on fruit production and wine color as an indicator of quality. Water application and stomatal conductance ( g S ) results from one of the study sites and years (Frankel in 2001) are presented here

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Taku Shimizu, Kazuma Okada, Shigeki Moriya, Sadao Komori, and Kazuyuki Abe

vegetables, including apple ( Malus × domestica ), causes their surfaces to turn a brownish color ( Pristijono et al., 2006 ). These color changes (hereinafter referred to as “browning”) are caused by phenolic oxidation reactions catalyzed by polyphenol

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Zhanao Deng and Brent K. Harbaugh

with two alleles that are inherited independently from leaf shape but closely linked with the color of the main vein ( Deng et al., 2008 ). Another major foliar trait in caladium is leaf blotching, the occurrence of numerous irregularly shaped color

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Ugur Bilgili, F. Olcay Topac-Sagban, Irfan Surer, Nejla Caliskan, Pervin Uzun, and Esvet Acikgoz

available nutrients in sewage sludges. The color of turfgrass produced from composted-sewage sludge amendments was comparable to that of turfgrass fertilized with ammonium nitrate ( Angle, 1994 ; Markham, 1998 ). Moreover, if turfgrass receives adequate