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Reagan W. Hejl, Benjamin G. Wherley, and Charles H. Fontanier

persist and/or maintain acceptable appearance under limited irrigation frequency or unirrigated conditions receiving only rainfall is largely unknown. Therefore, the objective of this 3-year field study was to determine comparative turfgrass quality of

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Da Man, Yong-Xia Bao, Lie-Bao Han, and Xunzhong Zhang

Drought is a major limiting factor of turfgrass culture in many parts of the world. Drought stress suppresses growth and causes a loss of turf quality ( Carrow and Duncan, 2003 ; Zhang et al., 2009 ). Plants exhibit various physiological and

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Jeffery W. Marvin, Robert Andrew Kerr, Lambert B. McCarty, William Bridges, S. Bruce Martin, and Christina E. Wells

as ≤15%. Turfgrass visual quality was rated on a scale of 1 to 9, where 1 = brown dead turf, 7 = minimum accepted, and 9 = dark green dense turf ( Morris and Shearman, 1999 ). Weekly ratings were averaged each month for statistical analysis. Areas

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Xunzhong Zhang and Erik H. Ervin

ultraviolet-B radiation stress is one of the major factors causing quality decline of newly transplanted turfgrass ( Ervin et al., 2004a ). Exposure of the heat-stressed turfgrass sod to high levels of ultraviolet-B (280–320 nm) radiation at replanting causes

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David W. Williams, Paul B. Burrus, and Kenneth L. Cropper

experimental line SWI-1012. These cultivars were chosen to represent a range of known turfgrass quality traits from previous work ( Morris, 2006 ). Of particular interest were differences in leaf texture and tiller density, with ‘Princess 77’ and ‘Riviera

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Kayla R. Sanders and Jeffrey S. Beasley

As one of the most intensely managed crops ( King, 2001 ), turfgrass used for aesthetics or recreation requires routine fertilizer applications ( Rice and Horgan, 2011 ; Schwartz and Shuman, 2005 ) to maintain acceptable quality. However

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Xiaoya Cai, Laurie E. Trenholm, Jason Kruse, and Jerry B. Sartain

a result of drought stress of turfgrass at 0% shade in Trial 1, irrigation was applied five times a week at 400 mL water with each application. During the treatment period, turf was visually rated twice a month for turf quality, color, and density

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Eric Watkins, Andrew B. Hollman, and Brian P. Horgan

adequately under extremely low-input conditions will allow golf course superintendents to reduce inputs, conserve resources, and improve environmental quality. Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate alternative turfgrass species performance

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Xiaoyan Dai, Donald M. Vietor, Frank M. Hons, Tony L. Provin, Richard H. White, Thomas W. Boutton, and Clyde L. Munster

Top-dressings of composted municipal biosolids (CMB) increase nutrient concentrations in soil and clippings and enhance turfgrass color, quality, and growth ( Garling and Boehm, 2001 ; Hansen et al., 2007 ; Johnson et al., 2005 ). In addition

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Joseph C. Fetter, Rebecca N. Brown, and José A. Amador

released too quickly in too great a quantity, or too slowly relative to plant needs, plants can be stressed, affecting the health and quality of turfgrass ( Christians, 1996 ; Hummel, 1989 ). As microbial biomass builds up in soil from addition of organic