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S.M. Schneider, B.D. Hanson, J.S. Gerik, A. Shrestha, T.J. Trout, and S. Gao

textures, soil moistures, and soil temperatures while the low rate of Pic serves primarily as a warning agent. HDPE tarps are used to increase pest control efficacy by slowing the rate of fumigant diffusion from the soil to the atmosphere. MB is an ozone

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Gregory T. Browne

generations on the same land, effective rootstocks must resist or tolerate accumulations of soil pests while maintaining appropriate levels of scion vigor and productivity. Depending on the challenges presented by an orchard site, prudent rootstock selection

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Tom Forge, Gerry Neilsen, Denise Neilsen, Eugene Hogue, and Dana Faubion

mono-ammonium phosphate fertilization increase precocity of apples on replant problem soils J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 116 651 654 Noble, R. Coventry, E. 2005 Suppression of soil-borne plant diseases with composts: A review Biocontrol Sci. Technol. 15 3

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Bielinski M. Santos, James P. Gilreath, Camille E. Esmel, and Myriam N. Siham

.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 1999 ). Thus, a great deal of research has been conducted to find suitable replacements for MBr in mulched vegetable crops. Currently, the leading MBr alternatives have proved to be effective against most soil-borne diseases and

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Robert E. Uhlig, George Bird, Robert J. Richardson, and Bernard H. Zandstra

Fumigants are used to control soil-borne pests to obtain larger yields of high-quality horticultural products ( Messenger and Braun, 2000 ). Methyl bromide has been the most widely used fumigant, with 68,424 t used worldwide in 1996. The United

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Rachel E. Rudolph, Carl Sams, Robert Steiner, Stephen H. Thomas, Stephanie Walker, and Mark E. Uchanski

soil as living plant material ( Kirkegaard et al., 1999 ). The term biofumigation refers to the suppression of soilborne pests and pathogens using naturally occurring biocidal compounds, particularly isothiocyanates (ITCs), which are released from

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Thomas W. Walters, John N. Pinkerton, Ekaterini Riga, Inga A. Zasada, Michael Particka, Harvey A. Yoshida, and Chris Ishida

. Infested plants often decline over a 3- to 4-year period, produce fewer canes and fruit, and are more susceptible to winter injury. In addition, RLN can make roots more susceptible to other soil-borne plant pathogens ( Vrain and Copeman, 1987 ; Vrain and

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public sites, interpretation aimed at landscape users is useful for enhancing acceptance of those landscapes. Effective Clubroot Resistance in Green Cabbage Clubroot is a soil-borne disease that can be a major limiting factor in the production of cole

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Xiaobo Song, Shengke Xi, Junpei Zhang, Qingguo Ma, Ye Zhou, Dong Pei, Huzhi Xu, and Jianwu Zhang

interspecific hybridization, a series of commercial hybrid rootstocks possessing tolerance to soil-borne diseases has been extensively used for walnut production in California ( Potter et al., 2018 ; Vahdati et al., 2002 ; Zhu et al., 2019 ). Rootstock

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John E. Beck, Michelle S. Schroeder-Moreno, Gina E. Fernandez, Julie M. Grossman, and Nancy G. Creamer

exacerbate soil-borne pathogen and weed problems, especially when strawberry production is not rotated between fields. The combination of market forces, lack of rotation, and inherent pest pressures has resulted in strawberry production systems that depended