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Omar A. Lopez, Danny L. Barney, Bahman Shafii, and William J. Price

germination process are a characteristic of red huckleberry seeds ( Vander Kloet, 1983 ). Vander Kloet (1983) reported up to 47% germination of freshly extracted red huckleberry seeds under a temperature regime of 22 °C day/5 °C night with a 14-h photoperiod

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Yan-Ling Zheng and Wei-Bang Sun

)-China Magnolia Program, we found about 5000 saplings of huagaimu in several local nurseries. The saplings were from seeds commonly sown in native loess, and the seeds normally took almost half a year to germinate. However, the relevant information of seed biology

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Warley M. Nascimento, Jairo V. Vieira, Giovani O. Silva, Kathleen R. Reitsma, and Daniel J. Cantliffe

Elballa, 1994 ; Corbineau et al., 1994 ; Nascimento and Pereira, 2007 ; Pereira et al., 2007 ; Vieira et al., 2005 ). However, high temperatures (35 to 40 °C) may also delay or inhibit carrot seed germination in the field and reduce uniformity and

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Derald A. Harp, Cheng Chen, and Curtis Jones

seeding is generally poor unless special techniques, such as hydromulch, are used ( McDavid, 2012 ). Seed germination requires an optimal range of environmental conditions, primarily concerning temperature and water availability, for germination

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Thierry E. Besançon

). Commercial cranberry beds are generally maintained for long periods of time, often surpassing 20 years. This longevity provides opportunities for seeds contained in rotten or unharvested fruit to germinate and become established, thereby increasing the

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Michael T. Deaton and David W. Williams

. Establishment vigor was described as a combination of the rates of germination and postgermination seedling growth. However, several of the 28 cultivars in that work were sprigged, and several of the seeded entries were experimental lines and not commercially

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Orlanda Cristina Barros Moreira, José Martins, Luís Silva, and Mónica Moura

might be preferable ( Barrett and Kohn, 1991 ). Until recently, germination of P. azorica was based on empirical knowledge, leading to relatively low germination percentages and to the demand for large numbers of seeds to produce a desired quantity of

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Sang In Shim, Jun-Cheol Moon, Cheol Seong Jang, Paul Raymer, and Wook Kim

tolerance to adverse conditions have increased and the commercial development of seashore paspalum cultivars has accelerated. Seed germination and seedling establishment are important stages in the field performance of crop plants. In the field, seed

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Rebecca C.-C. Hsu and Yung-I Lee

many Cypripedium species, Cypripedium debile is threatened as a result of habitat fragmentation and overcollection. Therefore, it is desirable to establish protocols of seed germination for ex situ conservation and reintroduction programs

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Matteo Serena, Bernd Leinauer, Rossana Sallenave, Marco Schiavon, and Bernd Maier

step in the process of screening for salinity tolerance in any plant species is to conduct a germination test. According to protocols outlined by the Association of Official Seed Analysts ( AOSA, 2009 ), media considered acceptable for use in standard