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Bahlebi K. Eiasu, Ntombekhaya Matafeni, Viwe Dyafta, and Kenias Chigwaya

-scented geranium because it results in high labor, transport, and distillation costs. Geranium oil content is usually less than 0.2% of the herbage fresh weight ( Shawl et al., 2006 ). Therefore, to extract the reasonable amount of geranium oil, a large

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Valtcho D. Zheljazkov and Tess Astatkie

in Wyoming. Japanese cornmint oil content and composition may be affected by a number of factors such as fertilization ( Zheljazkov et al., 2010a ), methods of propagation ( Zheljazkov et al., 1996a ) and harvesting stage ( Topalov and Zheljazkov

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Nancy J. Chen, Marisa M. Wall, Robert E. Paull, and Peter A. Follett

about 65% to 75% monounsaturated fatty acids (oleic and palmitoleic) and 10% to 15% polyunsaturated fatty acids (linoleic) ( Ozdemir and Topuz, 2004 ). Total oil content may exceed 30%, depending on cultivar and maturity ( Woolf et al., 2004 ). The

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Guanxing Hu, Chao Gao, Xiaoming Fan, Wenfang Gong, and Deyi Yuan

. oleifera regarding fruit and seed characteristics are necessary to improve its oil yield. Xenia significantly affects oleic and linoleic acid contents in almond ( Kodad et al., 2009 ), and pollen source possibly affects fatty acid content and composition

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Lihang Xie, Lixin Niu, Yanlong Zhang, Min Jin, Duo Ji, and Xiaoxiao Zhang

., 2014 ). However, there is a lack of information about the influence of different pollination treatments on seed weight, oil content, and FA composition. As is commonly known, pollen sources have a direct influence on fruit and seed features of the

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Carmen Mena, Alejandra Z. González, Raúl Olivero-David, and María Ángeles Pérez-Jiménez

methanol extraction and subsequent reaction with Folin–Ciocalteu reagent and measured at a wavelength of 725 nm ( Vázquez-Roncero et al., 1975 ). Results are expressed as milligrams of caffeic acid equivalents per kilogram of oil. Total tocopherol content

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Noelle J. Fuller, Ronald B. Pegg, James Affolter, and David Berle

difficult to differentiate between available seed stock or know which ones should be grown to achieve maximum yield and quality. Furthermore, details concerning yield, essential oil content, and eugenol concentration are lacking for many of the USDA

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Tong Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Qi Qiao, Wei Liu, and Xiaogai Hou

unsaponifiable compounds, with the unsaturated fatty acid content exceeding 90%. As a functional component of seed oil, ALA accounts for nearly half of the total fatty acids ( Han et al., 2014 ). The ALA contents and unsaturated fatty acids contents in P. ostii

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Valtcho D. Zheljazkov, Charles L. Cantrell, Tess Astatkie, and Ekaterina Jeliazkova

units for 60 min as described previously ( Gawde et al., 2009 ; Zheljazkov et al., 2010a , 2010b ). The essential oils were measured on an analytical scale and kept in a freezer at –14 °C until the analyses. The essential oil content was calculated as

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Harbans L. Bhardwaj and Anwar A. Hamama

( Raymer, 2001 ). Current canola varieties are essentially free of erucic acid and glucosinolates. The consumer demand and consumption of canola oil in the United States are increasing as a result of its lowest content of saturated fatty acids (5% to 8