Search Results

You are looking at 31 - 40 of 370 items for :

  • linkage mapping x
  • Refine by Access: All x
Clear All
Free access

R.L. Rusholme Pilcher, J-M. Celton, S.E. Gardiner, and D.S. Tustin

loci into a linkage group, while the threshold LOD score for mapping was set at the default value of 1.0. The final locus order was determined by extensive proof reading and by minimizing double crossovers flanking single loci. Recombination frequencies

Open access

Merve Şekerli, Golnaz Komaei Koma, Jacob W. Snelling, and Shawn A. Mehlenbacher

fails to amplify to detectable levels by PCR. Mapping of polymorphic SSRs. Newly developed SSR markers were placed on the linkage map using 138 seedlings of the reference mapping population from the cross OSU 252.146 × OSU 414.062 ( Mehlenbacher

Free access

Geoffrey Meru and Cecilia McGregor

sunflower ( Bert et al., 2003 ; Leon et al., 1995 ; Tang et al., 2006 ). Colocation of QTL could indicate linkage of multiple QTL or pleiotropy ( Song and Zhang, 2007 ) and fine mapping would be required to distinguish between the two. The QTL for seed

Free access

Xiaoying Li, Hongxia Xu, Jianjun Feng, and Junwei Chen

higher than expected genetic similarities among apple, pear, and loquat. The developed SSR markers represent a valuable resource for conducting marker-assisted selection, linkage mapping, and germplasm characterization analysis in loquat. Literature Cited

Free access

Paul. G. Thompson, Liang L. Hong, Kittipat Ukoskit, and Zhiqiang Zhu

RAPD marker analyses were completed on parents and progeny of two sweetpotato [Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam.] crosses to determine the feasibility of genetic linkage map construction. A total of 100 primers was tested and 96 produced amplified genomic DNA fragments. The average number of polymorphisms per primer was 0.69. A total of 134 polyphorphic markers was observed and 74 (60%) segregated 1 band present : 1 band absent as needed for use in genetic linkage mapping of polyploids. The 60% of RAPD markers that segregated 1:1 shows that genetic linkage mapping of the hexaploid sweetpotato by RAPD marker analysis is feasible. Linkage was determined for all markers that segregated 1:1 and five pairs of linked markers were found. These were the first linked molecular markers found in sweetpotato and they show that construction of a genetic linkage map is feasible. A genetic linkage map will be a valuable tool to assist in genetic improvements.

Free access

A. Levi, C.E. Thomas, T. Trebitsh, A. Salman, J. King, J. Karalius, M. Newman, O.U.K. Reddy, Y. Xu, and X. Zhang

Seventy-one amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP), 93 sequence related amplified polymorphism (SRAP), and 14 simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers were used to extend an initial genetic linkage map for watermelon [Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai]. The initial map was based on 151 randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and 30 and inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) markers. A testcross population previously used for mapping of RAPD and ISSR markers was used in this study: {plant accession Griffin 14113 [C. lanatus var. citroide (L.H. Bailey) Mansf.] × the watermelon cultivar New Hampshire Midget (C. lanatus var. lanatus)} × PI 386015 [C. colocynthis (L.) Schrad.]. The linkage map contains 360 DNA markers distributed on 19 linkage groups, and covers a genetic distance of 1976 cM with an average distance of 5.8 cM between two markers. A genomic DNA clone representing 1-amino-cyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid (ACC-) synthase gene, involved in ethylene biosynthesis, was also mapped. As in previous mapping studies for watermelon, a large number of AFLP and SRAP markers were skewed away from the 1:1 segregation ratio, and had to be excluded from the final mapping analysis. The stringent mapping criteria (JoinMap 3.0 mapping program) produced linkage groups with marker order consistent with those reported in previous mapping study for watermelon.

Free access

Felix C. Serquen, J. Bacher, and J. Staub

Linkage maps in cucumber have been constructed in broad and narrow genetic base populations, using mostly RFLPs. RAPD markers are believed to be more advantageous than RFLPs for mapping in narrow crosses. An F3 population derived from F2 intercrossing cucumber inbred lines (G421 and H19) was used to construct a linkage map and to perform QTL analysis for horticultural traits recorded in two locations. One hundred three F3 families were used for mapping purpose. The parents were screened using ≈1500 primers yielding 80 RAPD markers that exhibited expected 3:1 Mendelian segregation. Additionally, female sex expression (F), little leaf (l), and determinate (de) loci also were evaluated in the segregating population. The linkage analysis and mapping was performed with MAPMAKER software, using a LOD score of 3.0 and recombination frequency of 0.40. QTL analysis was performed using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and MAPMAKER/QTL. The linkage map integrates 83 map-points assembled into nine linkage groups. F and de loci mapped to linkage group `B', and the l locus was placed on linkage group `D'. The total map length is 628 cM, with an average distance between loci of 8.4 cM. Results from using one-way ANOVA and MAPMAKER/QTL had a good agreement for most QTL detected. Some QTL were location specific. Across locations four, one and three QTL were detected for sex expression, mainstem length, and number of laterals, respectively.

Free access

Renbing Zhang, Yong Xu, Ke Yi, Haiying Zhang, Ligong Liu, Guoyi Gong, and Amnon Levi

A genetic linkage map was constructed for watermelon using 117 recombinant inbred lines (RILs) (F2S7) descended from a cross between the high quality inbred line 97103 [Citrullus lanatus var. lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai] and the Fusarium wilt (races 0, 1, and 2) resistant U.S. Plant Introduction (PI) 296341 (C. lanatus var. citroides). The linkage map contains 87 randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers, 13 inter simple sequence repeat (ISSR) markers, and four sequenced characterized amplified region (SCAR) markers. The map consists of 15 linkage groups. Among them are a large linkage group of 31 markers covering a mapping distance of 277.5 cM, six groups each with 4 to 12 markers covering a mapping distance of 51.7 to 172.2 cM, and eight small groups each with 2-5 markers covering a mapping distance of 7.9 to 46.4 cM. The map covers a total distance of 1027.5 cM with an average distance of 11.7 cM between two markers. The map is useful for the further development of quantitative trait loci (QTLs) affecting fruit qualities and for identification of genes conferring resistance to Fusarium wilt (races 0, 1 and 2). The present map can be used for further construction of a reference linkage map for watermelon based on an immortalized mapping population with progenies homozygous for most gene loci.

Free access

Richard Durham, Gloria Moore, and Charles Guy

Genetic linkage analysis was performed on an interspecific backcross of citrus [Citrus grandis (L.) Osbeck cv. Thong Dee X (Thong Dee X Poncirus trifoliata (L.) Raf. cv. Pomeroy)], using restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) and isozyme analysis. Sixty-five progeny were analyzed for a total of 57 segregating markers including 9 isozymes and 48 RFLPs. Significant (p = 0.05) deviation from an expected 1:1 segregation ratio was observed for 21 (37%) of the 57 loci, but this did not exclude their use in the mapping study. Linkage analysis revealed that 50 loci mapped to 12 linkage groups while 7 loci segregated independently from all other markers. The total map distance included in the 12 linkage groups was 472 cM with the mean distance between markers being 12.8 cM. This does not represent a saturation of the genome with markers; however, this work demonstrates the potential for mapping traits of economic importance in citrus.

Free access

Patrick J. Conner, Susan K. Brown, and Norman F. Weeden

Genetic linkage maps were created for three apple (Malus ×domestica Borkh.) cultivars using data from two progenies (`Wijcik McIntosh' xNY 75441-67 and `Wijcik McIntosh' xNY 75441-58). The maps consist primarily of randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers, but also contain six isozyme loci and four morphological markers (Rf, fruit skin color; Vf, scab resistance; Co, columnar growth habit; Ma, malic acid). Maps were constructed using a double pseudotestcross mapping format and JoinMap mapping software. An integrated `Wijcik McIntosh' map was produced by combining marker data from both progenies into a single linkage map. Homologous linkage groups from paternal maps were paired with their counterparts in the `Wijcik McIntosh' map using locus bridges composed of markers heterozygous in both parents of a progeny. The `Wijcik McIntosh' map consists of 238 markers arranged in 19 linkage groups spanning 1206 cM. The NY 75441-67 map contains 110 markers in 16 linkage groups and the NY 75441-58 map consists of 183 markers in 18 linkage groups. The average distance between markers in the maps was ≈5.0 cM.