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Md J. Meagy, Touria E. Eaton, and Allen V. Barker

weights of the phenotypic groups differed significantly in the same order as fresh weights. The organic and conventional regimes of fertilization had no significant effect on head weights ( Table 2 ). Fresh and dry weights were slightly higher at 100 mg Ca

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Philipp W. Simon

decades ( Davis, 2009 , 2011 ; Davis et al., 2004 ), similar to the downward trend or “dilution effect” in mineral concentration of wheat ( Fan et al., 2008 ). The rationale for drawing firm conclusions for vegetable nutrient content based on historical

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Alexis K. Nagel, Guido Schnabel, Cesar Petri, and Ralph Scorza

States in 1992 ( Medley, 1992 ), and since then, the total geographic area devoted to growing genetically modified (GM) crops has seen a significant increase in the United States. Many of the deregulated transgenic crops grown in the United States have

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Paolo Benincasa, Marcello Guiducci, and Francesco Tei

efficiency in crop plants: Towards a more central role for genetic variability and quantitative genetics within integrated approaches J. Expt. Bot. 58 2369 2387 Home, P.G. Panda, R.K. Kar, S. 2002 Effect of method and scheduling of irrigation on water and

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Bernadine C. Strik

possible cultivar effects on leaf nutrient concentrations ( Hart et al., 2006a ). The effect of cultivar on primocane-fruiting blackberry primocane leaf nutrient levels is not known. The most common commercial production system used in primocane

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Simona Proietti, Stefano Moscatello, Fiorella Villani, Federica Mecucci, Robert P. Walker, Franco Famiani, and Alberto Battistelli

the most abundant anthocyanin regardless of the genetic and environmental effects. This is relevant in terms of the effect of the transformation process because cyanidin 3-glucosyl-rutinoside appears to be more easily extractable and more stable than

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Zoltán Pék, Hussein Daood, Magdolna Gasztonyi Nagyné, Mária Berki, Marianna Márkus Tóthné, András Neményi, and Lajos Helyes

aliphatic glucosinolates are more affected by genetic factors than indolic glucosinolates in the case of seeds and sprouts of three broccoli cultivars. The effect of growing period (spring or fall) under field conditions on the glucosinolate

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Gioia Massa, Thomas Graham, Tim Haire, Cedric Flemming II, Gerard Newsham, and Raymond Wheeler

cuvettes. Absorbance readings were taken at 530 nm and 650 nm with a spectrometer (Beckman Coulter DU 730, Brea, CA). As a result of the intensity of the solution for the high light-grown plants, a second run was conducted with a 50% dilution (0.4 cm 3 of

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Michael W. Bairu, Manoj G. Kulkarni, Renée A. Street, Rofhiwa B. Mulaudzi, and Johannes Van Staden

−4 , and 10 −5 m (101.10, 10.10, and 1.010 mg·L −1 , respectively). Seeds were incubated with smoke–water (smoke concentrate and water dilution of 1:500 v/v) or an active compound butenolide [3-methyl-2 H -furo(2,3- c )pyran-2-one] (10 −8 m

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David A. Francko, Kenneth G. Wilson, Qingshun Q. Li, and Maria A. Equiza

developing methods to improve the cold tolerance characteristics of existing plant cultivars. The variable ability of plant species to withstand frost or freeze conditions is genetically determined, and cold-tolerant plants, like their animal counterparts