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Orville C. Baldos, Joseph DeFrank, Matthew Kramer, and Glenn S. Sakamoto

dormancy. The application of a 1% solution of gibberellic acid can result in partial ( Baldos et al., 2011 ) to complete dormancy release ( Tothill, 1977 ). Application of cool aerosol smoke improved tanglehead seed germination by three to four times that

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Whitney J. Garton, Mark Mazzola, Travis R. Alexander, and Carol A. Miles

central Washington has tested fungicide efficacy to control four Neofabraea species ( N. alba , N. malicorticis , N. perennans , and N. kienholzii ) that cause bull’s-eye rot on pome fruit (Rosaceae), and found thiabendazole (FRAC code 1), thiophanate

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Augusto Ramírez-Godoy, María del Pilar Vera-Hoyos, Natalia Jiménez-Beltrán, and Hermann Restrepo-Díaz

inspecting four young shoots per tree at the four cardinal points. The mean number of ACP adults, nymphs, and eggs (individuals per shoot) was obtained. A 15× handheld magnification lens was used to count the eggs and nymphs in situ, with counts recorded by

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Jacob C. Domenghini, Dale J. Bremer, Jack D. Fry, and Gregory L. Davis

, and P. pratensis (39 d each) and in T. serpyllum (42 d) ( Fig. 2 ). This is similar to the initial trend observed among these four species during the first 6 weeks in both studies ( Fig. 1 ). In the fall, T. serpyllum declined the fastest

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Bee Ling Poh, Aparna Gazula, Eric H. Simonne, Francesco Di Gioia, Robert C. Hochmuth, and Michael R. Alligood

during staking and denotes the growth stage of the crop with typically four strings used during the season. Irrigation volume was gradually increased ( Fig. 1 ) to 4000 gal/acre per day for 100% IRR as the crop season progressed to meet greater crop water

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Dongmei Wei, Huimin Xu, and Ruili Li

cells. ( F ) MMC stage. MMCs are wrapped in red callose walls, and neutral lipids are visible in the cytoplasm. Limited starch and neutral lipids are present in tapetal cells. ( G ) The tetrad stage is characterized by four microspores wrapped in red

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Joshua Sherman, Richard J. Heerema, Dawn VanLeeuwen, and Rolston St. Hilaire

2012 growing seasons and Expt. 2 was conducted in the 2013 growing season. Twenty-four ‘Pawnee’ (on seedling ‘VC1-68’ rootstock) pecan trees planted in 2010 were used for Expt. 1. Trees were irrigated, pruned, and supplied other macro- and

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Sara Andrea Moran-Duran, Robert Paul Flynn, Richard Heerema, and Dawn VanLeeuwen

the farm manager. Experimental design. Four treatments were defined in the experiment that combined N and Ni at low and high concentrations in a 2 × 2 factorial treatment structure with five single-tree replications within each combination of location

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Amir M. González-Delgado and Manoj K. Shukla

flow channels underlying the shallowly tilled (<5 cm) surface (ST). Preferential flow channels were created by placing four 0.64-cm-diameter wooden sticks at opposite sides of the pots during the planting process to promote root exposure to indaziflam

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Jinggui Fang, Jianjun Chen, Richard J. Henny, and Chih-Cheng T. Chao

poinsettia ( E. pulcherrima ), and Fossati et al. (2005) were unable to distinguish several clones of poplar ( Populus L.). On the other hand, the four cultivars in the second group are morphologically different. Although both ‘Mini Lucie’ and ‘Nikki’ have