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Maria C. Morera, Paul F. Monaghan, Michael D. Dukes, Ondine Wells, and Stacia L. Davis

; Pittenger et al., 2004 ; St. Hilaire et al., 2008 ). McCready et al. (2009) note “proper installation (e.g., correct location and set point selection for sensor) and programming are essential to balancing water conservation and acceptable turf quality

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David Granatstein and Kent Mullinix

achieving multiple benefits, including weed control, N supply, water conservation, soil quality improvement, reduced costs, and potential biological control of pests, while promoting high fruit productivity and quality. Other orchard floor management studies

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Dale J. Bremer, Steven J. Keeley, Abigail Jager, Jack D. Fry, and Cathie Lavis

( Vickers, 2001 ). The use of automatic irrigation systems by homeowners, which increasingly are installed during construction of new single-family homes in urbanizing watersheds in some regions, may be both problematic and advantageous to water conservation

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Hongyan Sun, Kelly Kopp, and Roger Kjelgren

limited and uncertain supplies ( St. Hilaire et al., 2008 ). Xeriscaping, low water use landscaping, and water efficient landscaping are key water conservation approaches promoted in periodically water-deficit regions of the United States ( Smith and St

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Reagan W. Hejl, Benjamin G. Wherley, and Charles H. Fontanier

, 2017 ). Along with other conservation measures, the SAWS approach to water conservation has resulted in significant water savings for the San Antonio area ( SAWS, 2017 ). Municipalities often enact more stringent conservation strategies during severe

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Emmanuel A. Torres-Quezada, Lincoln Zotarelli, Vance M. Whitaker, Rebecca L. Darnell, Kelly Morgan, and Bielinski M. Santos

2009–2010. Vance Publ., Lenexa, KS Southwest Florida Water Management District 2000 Use of containerized strawberry transplants for water conservation and increased early production under a winter annual production system in Florida. Southwest Florida

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Aaron L. Warsaw, R. Thomas Fernandez, Bert M. Cregg, and Jeffrey A. Andresen

://www.epa.gov/safewater/consumer/pdf/mcl.pdf >. Warren, S.L. Bilderback, T.E. Tyler, H.H. 1995 Efficacy of three nitrogen and phosphorous sources in container-grown azalea production J. Environ. Hort. 13 147 151 Warsaw, A.L. Fernandez, R.T. Cregg, B.M. Andresen, J.A. 2009 Water conservation, growth

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Cynthia McKenney and Robert Terry Jr.

Current estimates indicate that half of the water consumed in the urban environment is used to maintain landscapes. With this volume of water expended each year in landscape care, competition for the limited water exists. Xeriscaping reduces water demands while retaining an attractive landscape; however, the image of xeriscaping is frequently poor. In this project, workshops were conducted to measure audience perception, attitude, and knowledge of xeriscaping as a result of this type of activity. The effectiveness of the workshops was determined using pre- and postworkshop surveys. The audience's perception and attitude” toward xeriscaping improved in every area. The audience's general knowledge about the principles of xeriscaping increased significantly for almost every concept. Promotional aspects of attracting a large and diverse audience was the area needing further enhancement.

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Carlos Carpio and D. Scott NeSmith

This study evaluates the effect of irrigation on the profitability of the muscadine grape (Vitis rotundifilia) operation. Data from a 3-year experiment in which muscadine grapes were grown under four irrigation regimes were used to establish the relationship between yields and irrigation. Assuming a muscadine fruit price of $0.50/lb, harvesting costs of $0.21/lb, and irrigation costs of $16.75/acre-inch, the profit-maximizing level of irrigation was estimated to be 13.1 acre-inches for a season, or 7 gal/day per plant. Water requirements for profit maximization are 9% lower than water requirements for yield maximizing. Moreover, it is concluded that the effect of an adequate use of irrigation in the profitability of the muscadine grape operation can be substantial.