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Laurie Hodges

than 60% and often erratic ( Nau, 1996 ). Seedlings will first flower during their second year ( Nau, 1996 ). Fig. 1. Seeds of bleeding heart with white elaiosomes. Plants can be pinched and terminal vegetative cuttings rooted in a 1 peat:1 perlite mix

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Karen K. Schneck, Cheryl R. Boyer, and Chad T. Miller

associated with plants produced from vegetative cuttings. To date, no definitive cause or causes have been identified. One hypothesized explanation for dahlia decline is root damage induced by supraoptimal RZTs (P.A. Hammer, personal communication). When

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Bärbel Röck-Okuyucu, Meltem Bayraktar, Ismail Hakki Akgun, and Aynur Gurel

countries and can be used as food additive and for therapeutic purposes ( Brandle et al., 1998 ; Lemus-Mondaca et al., 2012 ). In general, Stevia plants are propagated by seeds or vegetative cuttings. Since the Stevia seeds are very small and infertile

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Roberto G. Lopez and Erik S. Runkle

, glazing, shading, and obstructions ( Hanan, 1998 ). Therefore, the DLI during propagation can be as low as 1 to 5 mol·m −2 ·d −1 and even lower during extended periods of cloudy weather. Vegetative cuttings require a minimum quantity of photosynthetic

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Scott B. Lukas, Joseph DeFrank, Orville C. Baldos, and Glenn S. Sakamoto

plant material was harvested from the USDA-NRCS Hoolehua PMC stock beds by removing uniform aboveground shoots ≈40–60 cm long. Before planting, vegetative cuttings (40–60 cm) from mature plants were soaked for 24 h in a solution of rooting hormone [275

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Ariana P. Torres and Roberto G. Lopez

Ball Publishing Batavia, IL Donelly, C.S. Fisher, P.R. 2002 High-pressure sodium lighting affects greenhouse production of vegetative cuttings for specialty annuals HortScience 37 623 626 Fausey, B.A. Cameron, A.C. 2005 Evaluating herbaceous perennial

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Rui Zhang, Fang-Ren Peng, Dong-Liang Le, Zhuang-Zhuang Liu, Hai-Yang He, You-Wang Liang, Peng-Peng Tan, Ming-Zhuo Hao, and Yong-Rong Li

(Avila-Trevino et al., 2013; Corteolivares et al., 1990 ; Hansen and Lazarte, 1982 , 1984 ; Renukdas et al., 2010 ), and grafting and budding ( Wood et al., 1994 ). Since propagation by tissue culture or vegetative cuttings has not been perfected, the

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Inmaculada Moreno-Alías, Hava F. Rapoport, Rafael López, Lorenzo León, and Raúl de la Rosa

by vegetative cuttings, an important character for fruit trees. León et al. (2007) clearly demonstrated that olive seedlings with a short juvenile period will, once vegetatively propagated, also produce plants with a short unproductive period. Two

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Kaitlyn M. McBride, Richard J. Henny, Terri A. Mellich, and Jianjun Chen

.R. 2011 Survey of tissue nutrient levels in vegetative cuttings Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal. 42 669 693 Sonneveld, C. Voogt, E. 2009 Plant nutrition of greenhouse crops. Springer, New York, NY Tamimi, Y.N. Matsuyama, D.T. Ison-Takata, K.D. Nakano, R

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Ryan M. Warner

insight into crop management strategies for potted plant production of stevia. For commercial sales, potted stevia should be vigorous, well-branched, and sold during the vegetative phase of development. Stevia seedlings and rooted vegetative cuttings