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Laurie Hodges

than 60% and often erratic ( Nau, 1996 ). Seedlings will first flower during their second year ( Nau, 1996 ). Fig. 1. Seeds of bleeding heart with white elaiosomes. Plants can be pinched and terminal vegetative cuttings rooted in a 1 peat:1 perlite mix

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Roberto G. Lopez and Erik S. Runkle

, glazing, shading, and obstructions ( Hanan, 1998 ). Therefore, the DLI during propagation can be as low as 1 to 5 mol·m −2 ·d −1 and even lower during extended periods of cloudy weather. Vegetative cuttings require a minimum quantity of photosynthetic

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Bärbel Röck-Okuyucu, Meltem Bayraktar, Ismail Hakki Akgun, and Aynur Gurel

countries and can be used as food additive and for therapeutic purposes ( Brandle et al., 1998 ; Lemus-Mondaca et al., 2012 ). In general, Stevia plants are propagated by seeds or vegetative cuttings. Since the Stevia seeds are very small and infertile

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Scott B. Lukas, Joseph DeFrank, Orville C. Baldos, and Glenn S. Sakamoto

plant material was harvested from the USDA-NRCS Hoolehua PMC stock beds by removing uniform aboveground shoots ≈40–60 cm long. Before planting, vegetative cuttings (40–60 cm) from mature plants were soaked for 24 h in a solution of rooting hormone [275

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Ariana P. Torres and Roberto G. Lopez

Ball Publishing Batavia, IL Donelly, C.S. Fisher, P.R. 2002 High-pressure sodium lighting affects greenhouse production of vegetative cuttings for specialty annuals HortScience 37 623 626 Fausey, B.A. Cameron, A.C. 2005 Evaluating herbaceous perennial

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Inmaculada Moreno-Alías, Hava F. Rapoport, Rafael López, Lorenzo León, and Raúl de la Rosa

by vegetative cuttings, an important character for fruit trees. León et al. (2007) clearly demonstrated that olive seedlings with a short juvenile period will, once vegetatively propagated, also produce plants with a short unproductive period. Two

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Rui Zhang, Fang-Ren Peng, Dong-Liang Le, Zhuang-Zhuang Liu, Hai-Yang He, You-Wang Liang, Peng-Peng Tan, Ming-Zhuo Hao, and Yong-Rong Li

(Avila-Trevino et al., 2013; Corteolivares et al., 1990 ; Hansen and Lazarte, 1982 , 1984 ; Renukdas et al., 2010 ), and grafting and budding ( Wood et al., 1994 ). Since propagation by tissue culture or vegetative cuttings has not been perfected, the

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Bryan J. Peterson, Olivia Sanchez, Stephanie E. Burnett, and Darren J. Hayes

× hybrida vegetative cuttings HortScience 44 1974 1977 Soffer, H. Burger, D.W. 1989 Plant-propagation using an aero-hydroponics system HortScience 24 154 U.S. Department of Agriculture 2016 2014 census of horticultural specialties. 27 May 2016. < https

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Matthew G. Blanchard and Erik S. Runkle

rates. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of a pretransplant liner dip application of paclobutrazol and uniconazole on five common species of bedding plants. Materials and methods Plant material. On 3 Mar. 2005, rooted vegetative

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Liang Zheng, Zibin Xiao, and Weitang Song

quality in vegetative cutting reproduction ( King et al., 2011 ). Physicochemical properties differ with different substrate ratios. The bulk density and total porosity of B 1 were higher than those of B 2 and B 3 . The seedling rate, longest root length