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Thomas W. Walters, John N. Pinkerton, Ekaterini Riga, Inga A. Zasada, Michael Particka, Harvey A. Yoshida, and Chris Ishida

nematicide studies in red raspberry at Lynden, WA, in 2005–08 with products, rates, application methods, and application dates. Sprayed applications were made with a carbon dioxide-powered backpack sprayer to a 4-ft-wide band centered over the plant row

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Nicole L. Waterland, John J. Finer, and Michelle L. Jones

treated with drench or spray applications of s-ABA. Leaf chlorosis in pansies was not directly induced by drought treatment, because symptoms were observed in both watered and drought-stressed plants that were treated with s-ABA ( Waterland et al., 2010

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M. Lenny Wells

within the 3.7-m wide vegetation-free strip along the tree rows at a rate of 78 kg·ha −1 from 2008 to 2011 and 140 kg·ha −1 in 2012. For the broadcast ground-spray application, UAN was applied to a 225.5-m 2 area within the 3.7-m wide vegetation

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Janelle E. Glady, N. Suzanne Lang, and Erik S. Runkle

each species were randomly assigned to greenhouse benches in each repetition and were treated with ethephon (Florel; Monterey Chemical, Fresno, CA) spray applications at 0 mg·L −1 (control), 400 mg·L −1 (10.3 mL·L −1 ) weekly and biweekly, and 800 mg

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Sonali R. Padhye and Judith K. Groninger

that the height of pampas grass was controlled with substrate drenches of ancymidol, paclobutrazol, or uniconazole. The height of purple fountain grass ( Pennisetum × advena ‘Rubrum’) was controlled by spray applications of 50 mg·L −1 ancymidol or

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Linsey A. Newton and Erik S. Runkle

). The general recommended trial concentrations of a commercial formulation of paclobutrazol (Bonzi; Syngenta Crop Protection, Greensboro, NC) on herbaceous potted flowering plants are 30 mg·L −1 for a spray application and 1 mg·L −1 for a drench

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Steven T. Koike, Frank G. Zalom, and Kirk D. Larson

application dates as for Site 1; Table 1 ); 3) removal of all but the four youngest leaves; 4) lignin foliar spray applications [a combination of the products Reax 83A, Reax 80D, and Kraftsperse 25M (Westvaco Corp., Charleston Heights, SC), each at 458 g/378

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Ravi Bika, Cristi Palmer, Lisa Alexander, and Fulya Baysal-Gurel

dip applications ( Table 1 ). Even though fluxapyroxad + pyraclostrobin (Orkestra Intrinsic; BASF, Florham Park, NJ) and fluopyram + trifloxystrobin (Broadform; Bayer, Whippany, NJ) were recommended only for preharvest whole-plant spray application

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Carl Rosen*, Peter Bierman, Adriana Telias, Yizhen Shen, and Emily Hooverf

A field experiment was conducted at the Horticultural Research Center in Chanhassen, Minn. to help refine recommendations for use of calcium (Ca) sprays to reduce the incidence of bitter pit in `Honeycrisp' apple. Specific objectives were to: evaluate the amount of translocation from leaves to fruit using strontium (Sr) as a tracer for potential Ca movement, determine whether there are differences in translocation in early vs. later phases of fruit development, and evaluate the effect of an experimental adjuvant on spray efficacy. Seven treatments tested included the following: 1) Control (no Sr applied), 2) Sr without adjuvant, fruit covered during spray application, full season, 3) Sr without adjuvant, fruit uncovered during spray application, full season, 4) Sr + adjuvant, fruit covered during spray application, full season, 5) Sr + adjuvant, fruit uncovered during spray application, 6) Sr + adjuvant, fruit covered during spray application, late season, 7) Sr + adjuvant, fruit uncovered during spray application, late season. Results from this study strongly suggest that Sr is a suitable tracer for foliar applied Ca. Up to 18% of the Sr applied to leaves was translocated to fruit. Eight full season spray applications more than doubled the concentration and content of fruit Sr compared to four late season sprays. The experimental adjuvant was found to double Sr absorption by and translocation to fruit compared to not using an adjuvant. Implications for foliar application of Ca to apple trees will be discussed.

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Kellie J. Walters and Roberto G. Lopez

., 1976 ). It is labeled for foliar spray applications on floriculture crops to increase lateral branching, abort flowers and flower buds, and inhibit internode elongation ( Currey et al., 2016b ; Hayashi et al., 2001 ); although not labeled, recent