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Charles E. Barrett, Xin Zhao, Charles A. Sims, Jeffrey K. Brecht, Eric Q. Dreyer, and Zhifeng Gao

Grafting is a horticultural technique primarily used to control soilborne pathogens, reduce abiotic stresses, and improve crop productivity in cucurbitaceous and solanaceous vegetables ( Kubota et al., 2008 ; Lee et al., 2010 ). This technique may

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R.G. Linderman and E.A. Davis

infected aboveground tissue), thus underscoring the threat that the pathogen could infest media and remain undetected while being disseminated geographically. Growth media potentially infested with this or other soilborne pathogens, along with contaminated

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Kimberly A. Cochran and Craig S. Rothrock

The use of brassica crop residues and seed meal to manage soilborne disease has gained interest as an alternative control strategy to traditional soil fumigants. Brassica soil amendments have been found to be effective in reducing soilborne pathogen

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Steven A. Fennimore, Frank N. Martin, Thomas C. Miller, Janet C. Broome, Nathan Dorn, and Ian Greene

The common practice currently in California strawberry production to control soilborne pests such as weed seeds, insects, nematodes, and pathogens is to use chloropicrin with 1,3-dichloropropene [Pic-Clor (TriCal, Inc., Hollister, CA), InLine (Dow

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Charles E. Barrett, Xin Zhao, and Alan W. Hodges

Sorribas, 2008 ). However, grafting in the United States has not yet reached its full potential as a control for soil-borne pathogens and nematodes. It has been estimated that 40 million grafted vegetable transplants are currently used in the United States

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Andrey Vega-Alfaro, Paul C. Bethke, and James Nienhuis

; Kumar et al., 2017 ; Ropokis et al., 2019 ). In solanaceous and cucurbit crops, grafting cultivars with desirable scion characteristics onto disease-resistant rootstocks is used to provide resistance to soilborne pathogens, including Ralstonia

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Dong Sub Kim, Mark Hoffmann, Steven Kim, Bertha A. Scholler, and Steven A. Fennimore

The majority of U.S. field-grown specialty crop production depends on a few fumigants to control soilborne pests in the post-methyl bromide era: 1,3-dicloropropene (1,3-D), chloropicrin, methyl isothiocyanate and dimethyl disulfide ( Porter and

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Harsimran K. Gill, Robert McSorley, and Danielle D. Treadwell

nonchemical technique for controlling weeds, nematodes, and several soil-borne diseases ( Katan, 1987 ; McGovern and McSorley, 1997 ; Stapleton, 2000 ). The increased temperature (45–55 °C) at a 5-cm soil depth under clear plastic films caused mortality of a

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D. Grant McCarty II, Sarah E. Eichler Inwood, Bonnie H. Ownley, Carl E. Sams, Annette L. Wszelaki, and David M. Butler

comparable crop yields and control of soilborne plant pathogens, plant-parasitic nematodes, and weeds could be achieved. The use of ASD is one non-chemical approach that has shown promise in Japan, The Netherlands, Florida, and California ( Butler et al

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Dong Sub Kim, Steven Kim, and Steven A. Fennimore

mixed with soil reaching 70 °C for 20 min controlled soilborne pathogens and weeds in California strawberry fields ( Fennimore et al., 2014 ; Samtani et al., 2012 ). Most weeds that emerge are from the shallow layers of the soil. Benvenuti et al. (2001