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Aneela Nijabat, Saba Manzoor, Samia Faiz, Naima Huma Naveed, Adam Bolton, Bilal Ahmad Khan, Aamir Ali, and Philipp Simon

. 2019 ; Shah et al. 2019 , 2020 ). Drought conditions drastically weaken the stand establishment by limiting the seed germination. Nevertheless, these yield losses in response to drought stress can be minimized in many crops by the development of

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Boris Andrés Bran Barrientos and Jong-Yi Fang

proliferation and survival rates. The propagation by seed in the nature is hampered by the limited nutrients present in minute and dust-like seeds. With the advancement of tissue-culture technology, asymbiotic seed germination is now commonly used to ensure its

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Arianna Bozzolo and Michael R. Evans

, holds significant water in its layers, and seedlings can easily emerge through it upon germination ( Dana and Lerner, 2001 ). Walker et al. (1984) reported that watering was less frequent when a top coating was used in seed germination. A vermiculite

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Ai-Rong Li, Kai-Yun Guan, and Robin J. Probert

with a high percentage of germination. In this study, our aim was to determine the optimal conditions for seed germination of eight Pedicularis species, based on their responses to light and several artificial treatments. Knowledge of the effects of

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Kourosh Vahdati, Naser Lotfi, Bahman Kholdebarin, Darab Hassani, Reza Amiri, Mohammad Reza Mozaffari, and Charles Leslie

conditions to which plants will be exposed in later stages of their life cycles ( Mohammad and Sen, 1990 ). Soil water supply is an important environmental factor controlling seed germination ( Kramer and Kozlowski, 1979 ). Osmotic solutions are often used

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Trygve S. Aamlid and Peter J. Landschoot

of 10 to 15 cm. Alternatively, SMS may be blended with soil at a 50% soil : 50% SMS volume ratio and used as a topsoil. Some turf managers have reported that soil amended with fresh SMS may result in a delay or inhibition of turf seed germination

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Norman Q. Arancon, Archana Pant, Theodore Radovich, Nguyen V. Hue, Jesse K. Potter, and Chad E. Converse

, 2000b ). Arancon et al. (2007) and Edwards et al. (2006) demonstrated an enhanced seed germination and growth of tomato and cucumber plants with the application of vermicompost extracts to the growth media. Lazcano et al. (2010) reported the

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Sang In Shim, Jun-Cheol Moon, Cheol Seong Jang, Paul Raymer, and Wook Kim

tolerance to adverse conditions have increased and the commercial development of seashore paspalum cultivars has accelerated. Seed germination and seedling establishment are important stages in the field performance of crop plants. In the field, seed

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Xiuli Shen, William S. Castle, and Frederick G. Gmitter Jr

seedcoat. The seedcoat can inhibit seed germination by virtue of mechanical restraint, acting as a barrier to gas or water exchange, or being a source of inhibitors ( Martinez-Honduvilla and Santos-Ruiz, 1978 ; Toole et al., 1956 ). Removing the seedcoat

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Samuel Contreras, Mark A. Bennett, James D. Metzger, David Tay, and Haim Nerson

period during seed development for the light environment effects on seed germinability and longevity was at the end of seed development after physiological maturity (moment of maximum seed dry weight accumulation). Because of the importance of phytochrome