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Xiaoling Jin, Xijun Hu, Youping Sun, Donglin Zhang, and Ping He

genetic diversity. Micropropagation offers a rapid means of clonal regeneration for reforestation, gardening, and germplasm conservation ( Fenning and Gershenzin, 2002 ). Gao et al. (1996) reported that embryos, cotyledons, hypocotyls, terminal buds, and

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Min Deng, Jianjun Chen, Richard J. Henny, and Qiansheng Li

relationships among cultivars have not been established ( Deng et al., 2010 ; Sharma and Bal., 1958 ), which has hampered our efforts on croton germplasm conservation and new cultivar development. Amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP), a polymerase

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José R. Bautista-Aguilar, Lourdes G. Iglesias-Andreu, Jaime Martínez-Castillo, Marco A. Ramírez-Mosqueda, and Matilde M. Ortiz-García

area, many individuals under controlled conditions for several months, and even years ( Cruz-Cruz et al., 2013 ). This type of in vitro conservation has been used successfully for the germplasm conservation of different plant species such as Solanum

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Eucario Mancilla-Álvarez, Marco A. Ramírez-Mosqueda, Samantha Arano-Avalos, Rosalía Núñez-Pastrana, and Jericó J. Bello-Bello

-term germplasm conservation and genetic stability of grape ( Vitis vinifera L.) J. Hort. Sci. Ornamental. Pl. 6 9 17 Hernández-Altamirano, J.M. Largo-Gosens, A. Martínez-Rubio, R. Pereda, D. Álvarez, J.M. Acebes, J.L. Encina, A. García-Angulo, P. 2018 Effect of

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Bo-Ling Liu, Zhi-Bin Fan, Ze-Qun Liu, Xun-Hong Qiu, and Yan-Hong Jiang

-pollination in the field may lead to varietal loss ( Shan et al., 2007 ). In recent years, methodological advances in plant tissue culture methods have allowed its use as a viable approach for multiplication, germplasm conservation, and genetic manipulation of

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Enrique I. Sánchez-González, Adriana Gutiérrez-Díez, and Netzahualcóyotl Mayek-Pérez

(Willd. ex Spreng.) Schum ( Alves et al., 2003 ), and Warburgia ugandensis Sprague ( Muchugi et al., 2008 ) to propose effective schemes for germplasm conservation and/or to establish strategies of selection and improvement. In avocado, most outcrossing

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Ana V. de Souza, José E.B.P. Pinto, Suzan K.V. Bertolucci, Ricardo M. Corrêa, Larissa C. do B. Costa, and William E. Dyer

vitro propagation of medicinal plants is clearly on the rise, because they represent the most important sources of medicines and other pharmaceutical products. Methods of in vitro propagation offer highly effective tools for germplasm conservation and

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Jane Kahia, Siaka Kone, Lucien Diby, Georges Ngoran, Colombe Dadjo, and Christophe Kouame

embryogenesis in cacao has the potential to contribute significantly to the efforts in crop improvement, germplasm conservation, and rapid distribution of new improved varieties. This method might also facilitate genetic engineering ( Corredoira et al., 2002

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Natalia R. Dolce, Ricardo D. Medina, and María T. González-Arnao

in axes of Landolphia kirkii Dyer Planta 186 249 261 Bewley, J.D. Black, M. 1994 Seeds: Physiology of development and germination. 2nd ed. Plenum Press, New York, NY Bonner, F.T. 1990 Storage of seeds: Potential and limitations for germplasm

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Xiaobai Li, Weirui Li, Chenlu Di, Ming Xie, Liang Jin, Cheng Huang, and Dianxing Wu

). To conserve the genetic resources of Chinese cymbidiums, scholars have focused on conserving the genetic diversity of these species. Genetic diversity and population structure have to be preliminarily characterized before germplasm conservation. The