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Angela Shaw, Amanda Svoboda, Beatrice Jie, Aura Daraba, and Gail Nonnecke

field. This dilution effect over distance has been shown by other studies that evaluated the transfer rate of foodborne pathogens to objects ( Buchholz et al., 2012 ; Patrick et al., 1997 ; Scott, 1990 ; Scott and Bloomfield, 1990 ), and could be

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Timothy K. Broschat and Kimberly Anne Moore

with growth ( r = −0.278, P = 0.008) and areca palm height at 24 months ( r = −0.319, P = 0.002), suggesting a dilution effect. Potassium deficiency severity was not significantly correlated with initial or cumulative N application rates (data not

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Valtcho D. Zheljazkov, Tess Astatkie, Barry O'Brocki, and Ekaterina Jeliazkova

constituents eluted first in the oil would be decreased as a result of the dilution effect. For example, in this study, the concentration of transanethole decreased at 360 and then decreased further at 480-min DT relative to the shorter DT. However, the yield

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Timothy K. Broschat

with the highest Mn ratings (least deficiency) also had the greatest dry weights. These plants also had the lowest N ratings (lightest color), presumably due to a dilution effect. Conversely, those plants that were growth limited by Mn deficiency had

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M. Kate Lee and Marc W. van Iersel

3 or 6 g·L −1 and then a decrease in tissue concentrations as NaCl increased to 9 g·L −1 ( Table 1 ). The increase in tissue concentrations as the NaCl increased to 3 and 6 g·L −1 may have been the result of a dilution effect. The higher dry

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Ryo Matsuda and Chieri Kubota

result of an increase in water content. To eliminate this “dilutioneffect by water content, TSP content per unit of mass was evaluated on a DW basis rather a FW basis in subsequent analyses. Fig. 1. Fresh weight ( A ), dry weight (DW) ( B ), total

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R. Paul Schreiner and Carolyn F. Scagel

cases except for root P concentrations, shade vines had greater nutrient concentrations compared with full sun vines (dilution effect with growth) and similar or greater concentrations as compared with shade/full sun vines. Root P concentrations, however

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Nicole Burkhard, Derek Lynch, David Percival, and Mehdi Sharifi

growth (i.e., canopy volume). This likely reduced a dilution effect of growth on leaf N concentration and consequently lower leaf N was measured in weeded compared with nonweeded treatments. Overall, total soluble solid levels were greater than those

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Ryan W. Dickson, Paul R. Fisher, Sonali R. Padhye, and William R. Argo

nutrient dilution effect in rapidly expanding shoot tissue with more vigorous plants ( Marschner, 1995 ). Genotypes differed in sensitivity to substrate pH, as quantified by the percent reduction in shoot dry weight ( P = 0.0003), leaf SPAD ( P < 0

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Cecilia McGregor, Vickie Waters, Savithri Nambeesan, Dan MacLean, Byron L. Candole, and Patrick Conner

and PI 640641 to ≈23,000 SHUs in PI 224438 and PI 593564 ( Fig. 1 ). Because capsaicinoids are produced only in the placenta, larger fruit with thick pericarp tend to have lower capsaicinoid levels as a result of the dilution effect of the inclusion of