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Suleiman S. Bughrara, David R. Smitley, and David Cappaert

Six grass species representing vegetative and seeded types of native, warm-season and cool-season grasses, and pennsylvania sedge (Carex pensylvanica) were evaluated in the greenhouse for resistance to root-feeding grubs of european chafer (Rhizotrogus majalis). Potted bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon), buffalograss (Buchlöe dactyloides), zoysiagrass (Zoysia japonica), indiangrass (Sorghastrum nutans), little bluestem (Schizachyrium scoparium), tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea), and pennsylvania sedge grown in a greenhouse were infested at the root zone with 84 grubs per 0.1 m2 or 182 grubs per 0.1 m2. The effects on plant growth, root loss, survival, and weight gain of grubs were determined. Survival rates were similar for low and high grub densities. With comparable densities of grubs, root loss tended to be proportionately less in zoysiagrass and bermudagrass than in other species. European chafer grubs caused greater root loss at higher densities. Grub weight gain and percentage recovery decreased with increasing grub density, suggesting a food limitation even though root systems were not completely devoured. Bermudagrass root weight showed greater tolerance to european chafer grubs; another mechanism is likely involved for zoysiagrass. Variation in susceptibility of plant species to european chafer suggests that differences in the ability of the plants to withstand grub feeding damage may be amenable to improvement by plant selection and breeding.

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Maurizio Giolo, Stefano Macolino, Erica Barolo, and Filippo Rimi

, D. Freund, S. Fiehn, O. Heyer, A.G. Hincha, D.K. 2006 Natural genetic variation of freezing tolerance in Arabidopsis Plant Physiol. 142 98 112 Harlvonson, W.L. Guertin, P. 2003 Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. USGS weeds in the Westproject: Status of

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Mingying Xiang, Justin Q. Moss, Dennis L. Martin, Kemin Su, Bruce L. Dunn, and Yanqi Wu

Bermudagrass is native to Africa, widely distributed, and commonly found in tropical and subtemperate areas ( Taliaferro et al., 2004 ). It is important for forage, turfgrass use, and soil and water conservation. Hybrid bermudagrass [ Cynodon

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Aaron J. Patton, Jon M. Trappe, and Michael D. Richardson

Covers, mulches, and erosion-control blankets are often used to establish turf. There are reports of various effects of seed cover technology on the germination and establishment of warm-season grasses. The objective of this study was to determine how diverse cover technologies influence the establishment of bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon), buffalograss (Buchloe dactyloides), centipedegrass (Eremochloa ophiuroides), seashore paspalum (Paspalum vaginatum), and zoysiagrass (Zoysia japonica) from seed. Plots were seeded in June 2007 or July 2008 with the various turfgrass species and covered with cover technologies, including Curlex, Deluxe, and Futerra products, jute, Poly Jute, polypropylene, straw, straw blanket, Thermal blanket, and the control. Establishment was reduced in straw- and polyethylene-covered plots due to decreased photosythentically active radiation penetration or excessive temperature build-up, respectively. Overall, Deluxe and Futerra products, jute, and Poly Jute allowed for the highest establishment of these seeded warm-season grasses.

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Christopher R. Johnston and Gerald M. Henry

., 2007b; Henry et al., 2008 ). Summer applications of MSMA have been reported to cause reductions in turf quality in both ‘Tifway’ hybrid bermudagrass ( Cynodon dactylon × Cynodon transvaalensis Burtt-Davy) and common bermudagrass [ C. dactylon (L

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Lakshmy Gopinath, Dennis L. Martin, Justin Quetone Moss, Yanqi Wu, Shuhao Yu, and James R. Underwood

Suitable tensile strength is essential for sod harvest, transport, and installation. Thirty-nine bermudagrass (Cynodon sp.) entries were evaluated for sod handling quality (SHQ) and sod tensile strength (STS) during 2014–15. The SHQ (a discontinuous qualitative parameter) was evaluated using a 1 to 5 scale with 1 = complete pad separation during handling and 5 = no cracking or separation in the sod pad with excellent quality. The STS (a quantitative parameter) was determined using the force required to shear/separate the sod pad. Sod harvests were conducted at 14, 22, and 24 months after planting (MAP). The entry, harvest date, and their interaction affected STS and SHQ. Entries OKC 1302 and 12-TSB-1 had greater STS than ‘Patriot’ but less STS than ‘Latitude 36’, ‘Tifway’, ‘Astro’, and ‘TifGrand’. The seeded entry PST-R6T9S had the lowest STS and SHQ. The overall mean STS and SHQ were lowest at 22 MAP, which could be attributed to the slow recovery of the entries after Winter 2014. A strong positive correlation (r = 0.92) between STS and SHQ suggests that SHQ can be used as a rapid field method to estimate suitability for sod harvest. A predictive linear relationship between overall STS and overall SHQ (r 2 = 0.85) found predicted STS values of 8.5, 22.6, 36.8, and 51.0 kg⋅dm–2 for overall mean SHQ ratings of 2, 3, 4, and 5, respectively. The results of this work will help sod producers in cultivar selection and will aid breeders in making commercialization decisions.

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Patrick E. McCullough and William Nutt

Bermudagrass [ Cynodon spp. (L.) Rich.] is the most popular turfgrass planted in warm-humid regions ( Beard, 1973 ). Improved seeded cultivars of common bermudagrass [Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.] have color, quality, and texture comparable to

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Thomas E. Eickhoff, Tiffany M. Heng-Moss, and Frederick P. Baxendale

planted in newly developed areas, including southern regions of the United States. As these buffalograss stands experience chinch bug damage, B. occiduus will likely seek out secondary hosts in close proximity, such as bermudagrass [ Cynodon dactylon (L

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Gerald Henry, Rebecca Grubbs, Chase Straw, Kevin Tucker, and Jared Hoyle

revenue and property values. Investigation into methods for reducing turfgrass water consumption while maintaining quality may provide a partial solution to this specific problem. Hybrid bermudagrass [ Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. × C. transvaalensis

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Connor Bolton, Miguel Cabrera, Mussie Habteselassie, Daniel Poston, and Gerald Henry

bermudagrass [ Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. × Cynodon transvaalensis Burtt Davy] after Bacillus spp. inoculation. Klebsiella variicola is a growth-promoting bacteria that has been observed to colonize the rhizosphere and potentially improve agricultural