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Open access

Sat Pal Sharma, Daniel I. Leskovar, Kevin M. Crosby, and A.M.H. Ibrahim

al., 2008 ), though some reports on yield and component traits from India are available ( Dhakare and More, 2008 ; Yadav and Ram, 2010 ). Sweetness, flavor, texture and phytonutrient levels of β-carotene and vitamin C in flesh tissue are the

Open access

Paemika Promkaew, Varit Srilaong, Chalermchai Wongs-Aree, Nutthachai Pongprasert, Samak Kaewsuksaeng, and Satoru Kondo

boldface. GGPP = geranylgeranyl diphosphate; PSY = phytoene synthase; PDS = phytoene desaturase; ZDS = ζ-carotene desaturase; ɛ-LCY = lycopene ɛ-cyclase; β-LCY = lycopene β-cyclase; β-CHX = β-carotene hydroxylase; ɛ-CHX = ɛ-carotene hydroxylase; ZEP

Free access

Laura Rodriguez-Uribe, Luz Hernandez, James P. Kilcrease, Stephanie Walker, and Mary A. O’Connell

, capsanthin is the most abundant carotenoid and this carotenoid generates the red color in the fruit ( Daood et al., 2014 ; Deli et al., 2001 ). β-carotene and β-cryptoxanthin are orange-colored carotenoids that are essential provitamin A nutrients. They are

Free access

Chae Shin Lim, Seong Mo Kang, Jeoung Lai Cho, and Kenneth C. Gross

. Lycopene and β-carotene contents and antioxidizing enzyme activities were measured at the end of the storage. After storage, fruit was cut into small pieces, frozen in liquid N 2 , and stored at –70 °C for enzyme assays. Surface pitting. Visible CI

Free access

Keisuke Nonaka, Masayuki Kita, Yoshinori Ikoma, Hiroshi Fukamachi, Atsushi Imai, Terutaka Yoshioka, and Masahiko Yamada

different gradient elution schedules: 1) to assay all- trans -violaxanthin ( t -VIO), 9- cis -violaxanthin ( c -VIO), lutein (LUT), BCR, α-carotene (ACA), and PHY, the eluent composition (all ratios expressed as v/v) altered from an initial 95% MeOH, 1% MTBE

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James T. Brosnan, Dean A. Kopsell, Matthew T. Elmore, Gregory K. Breeden, and Gregory R. Armel

The six primary carotenoids found in most plant species include zeaxanthin, antheraxanthin, violaxanthin, lutein, β-carotene, and neoxanthin ( Sandmann, 2001 ). Carotenoids are pigments integrated into light-harvesting complexes of chloroplasts that

Free access

Shiva Ram Bhandari, Bo-Deul Jung, Hum-Young Baek, and Young-Sang Lee

flavonoids and water content were measured using fresh samples. Vitamin E, squalene, phytosterols, fatty acids, β-carotene, and antioxidant activity were analyzed after the samples were dried in an oven at 55 °C for 72 h and ground into a fine powder. The

Free access

Tuan Anh Le, Zoltán Pék, Sándor Takács, András Neményi, Hussein G. Daood, and Lajos Helyes

). Total carotene production ranged from 0.8 to 12.1 kg·ha −1 , which is almost a 15-fold difference ( Table 1 ). The value of total carotene production depended on the marketable yield in the RF, and we found a significant reduction in PGPR samples

Open access

Ivette Guzman, Krystal Vargas, Francisco Chacon, Calen McKenzie, and Paul W. Bosland

total carotenoids ( Guzman et al., 2010 ; Kim et al., 2016a ). Carotenoids are shades of yellow, orange, and red, and include nutritionally important compounds like β-carotene, which is a vitamin A source. Lutein is among the few plant phytocompounds

Free access

Şemsettin Kulaç, Pascal Nzokou, Deniz Guney, Bert Michael Cregg, and Ibrahim Turna

a, Chl b, and carotenes) diminish ( Pukacki and Kaminska-Rozek, 2005 ; Terzi et al., 2010 ; Yordanov et al., 2000 ). For example, in fully active leaves of Xerophyta scabrida submitted to drought stress, the CO 2 assimilation, thylakoid activity