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Jorge Andres Agustin, Matha Soto, Franco Famiani, and Juan Guillermo Cruz-Castillo

characteristics and with the possibility of becoming registered cultivars. Currently, white sapote is cultivated in subtropical areas throughout the world and in regions with a Mediterranean, tropical, or semiarid climate. The trees have been planted in the

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Robert Lawrence Jarret and Terry Berke

applied to designate the wild ancestral and cultivated forms of C. chinense . This has yet to be done. The use of varietal epithets does provide a means to distinguish the morphological extremes of the species in terms of its fruit characteristics

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Jennifer Drew, Chengyan Yue, Neil O. Anderson, and Philip G. Pardey

In the United States, the number of plant varietal rights applications per year has grown rapidly, particularly in the past 20 years. As of 2010, the total of all these varietal rights were 34,559 with plant patents (61% of the total), plant variety

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Cynthia B. McKenney, Sandra A. Balch, and Dick L. Auld

hairs ( Correll and Johnston, 1970 ), leaves that are deeply incised, and several growth forms or ecotypes resulting in some attaining specific or varietal status. Prairie verbena blooms primarily from March through June and less freely through October

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Penelope F. Measham, Audrey G. Quentin, and Nicholas MacNair

period of fruit ripening. Harvest maturity was uniform in both varieties with the difference in fruit size an observed and supported varietal characteristic ( De Franceschi et al., 2013 ; Measham et al., 2009 ). The crop should not have experienced any

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Qi Zhang, Enda Yu, and Andy Medina

problems in the later generations ( Stebbins, 1956 ; Wang et al., 2002 ). Moreover, during the transfer of important characteristics with the bridges, unfavorably species-specific traits are frequently carried along to subsequent populations from initially

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Nancy Santana-Buzzy, Adriana Canto-Flick, Eduardo Balam-Uc, and Marta Alvarez Gil

of pungency. Probably, the combination of soil and climate in the Yucatan Peninsula, located in the Mexican southeast, confers the habanero pepper cultivated in Yucatán Peninsula with characteristics that set it apart from habanero peppers cultivated

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Cynthia B. McKenney, Sandra A. Balch, Victor Hegemann, and Susan P. Metz

white tomentose covering of the calyx, which may have a violet–blue tinge. The foliage of the var. farinacea is ovate–lanceolate with slender petioles, whereas the ecotype with truncate or subcordate bases has attained the varietal status of var

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Carolina Font i Forcada, Gemma Reig, Christian Fontich, Ignasi Batlle, Simó Alegre, Celia M. Cantín, Iban Eduardo, Joaquim Carbó, Arsène Maillard, Laurence Maillard, and Joan Bonany

). Spain is the leading European peach producer and the world’s largest exporter, with a crop value of almost USD 1 billion. The varietal renovation carried out in Spain in the last 20 years is unique worldwide. Spain started its own scion breeding

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Jaime Prohens, Julio E. Muñoz-Falcón, Adrián Rodríguez-Burruezo, Francisco Ribas, Ángel Castro, and Fernando Nuez

varietal types of eggplants, like the hybrids for greenhouse production. Consequently, the plant materials used for elaborating pickling eggplants usually consist of local landraces, which have been selected and conserved by the farmers ( Muñoz-Falcón et al