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Songul Severmutlu, Nedim Mutlu, Ercan Gurbuz, Osman Gulsen, Murat Hocagil, Osman Karaguzel, Tiffany Heng-Moss, Robert C. Shearman, and Rock E. Gaussoin

In the Mediterranean region of Turkey, turfgrasses are grown under irrigation much of the year to maintain desired turfgrass quality. The availability of irrigation water is often limited in this region and water conservation for turfgrass

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Travis C. Teuton, John C. Sorochan, Christopher L. Main, Thomas J. Samples, John M. Parham, and Thomas C. Mueller

Growing quality turfgrass throughout the year in the transition zone is difficult. The transition zone is identified as the area of transition from cool- to warm-season turfgrasses between the cool and warm regions of the world ( Beard, 1973

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Gerald Henry, Rebecca Grubbs, Chase Straw, Kevin Tucker, and Jared Hoyle

The effects of drought and water conservation efforts on turfgrass quality have been well documented for arid and semiarid regions ( Culpepper et al., 2020 ; Garrot and Mancino, 1994 ; Kneebone and Pepper, 1982 ; Meyer and Gibeault, 1986

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Verónica De Luca, Diego Gómez de Barreda, Antonio Lidón, and Cristina Lull

. Biostimulants have also been tested on other important turfgrass species. Elliot and Prevatte (1996) reported no positive effects for seaweed extracts on hybrid bermudagrass ( Cynodon dactylon × C. transvaalensis ) growth or quality. In tall fescue, seaweed

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Jing Zhang, J. Bryan Unruh, and Kevin Kenworthy

turf color, quality, and density. Visual ratings, following the National Turfgrass Evaluation Program Guidelines ( Morris and Shearman, 2007 ), were recorded every 3.1 m from the center line toward the outer edge on each plot. A polynomial regression

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Robert Andrew Kerr, Lambert B. McCarty, Philip J. Brown, James Harris, and J. Scott McElroy

for satisfactory control and maintenance of acceptable turfgrass quality. Currently available herbicides (e.g., topramezone, metribuzin) with activity on goosegrass also often result in unacceptable injury (bleaching) to the desirable turfgrass species

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Ruiqin Bai and Deying Li

the days required for seed germination after overseeding was noted. Clippings were collected at each mowing. To determine dry clipping yield, clippings were dried in an oven at 68 °C for 48 h. Turfgrass visual quality was evaluated based on a 1 to 9

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John Watson, François Hébert, Eric M. Lyons, Theo Blom, and Katerina S. Jordan

; Cousineau, 2002 ; Gerretsen, 2008 ) and, more recently, with the restriction of fertilizer use in turf ( Throssel et al., 2009 ), it is necessary to seek new approaches to achieve high-quality turfgrass systems. Lower input species such as velvet bentgrass

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Stefano Fiorio, Stefano Macolino, and Bernd Leinauer

in transition zones has yet to be thoroughly investigated; therefore, their use in these areas is limited. Turfgrass quality is evaluated by integrating factors of canopy density, leaf texture, uniformity, color, growth habit, and smoothness ( Turgeon

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Jinghua Fan, George Hochmuth, Jason Kruse, and Jerry Sartain

. The results of chlorophyll index measurements are presented in Fig. 2 . There was no interaction of turf type and N treatment for effects on turfgrass quality or clippings yield. St. augustinegrass receiving tap water and unamended RW and zoysiagrass