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Rachel E. Rudolph, Carl Sams, Robert Steiner, Stephen H. Thomas, Stephanie Walker, and Mark E. Uchanski

fumigants are needed. Biofumigants are a type of cover crop that, in addition to other soil benefits, have the ability to suppress soilborne pathogens including fungi or nematodes ( Kirkegaard et al., 1999 ). Biofumigation is a sustainable method of soil

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Margarita Velandia, Karen L. DeLong, Annette Wszelaki, Susan Schexnayder, Christopher Clark, and Kimberly Jensen

Polyethylene mulch is traditionally used in the production of some fruits and vegetables to maintain soil moisture and increase soil temperature, control weeds, improve crop quality, and increase yield ( Emmert, 1957 ). In the United States, 1

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Justine Beaulieu, Bruk Belayneh, John D. Lea-Cox, and Cassandra L. Swett

Nursery crop production faces significant sustainability challenges in many facets of production; two of the most notable challenges are substrate and water sustainability. As typically soilless systems, this industry is highly dependent on use of

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Marco Fontanelli, Luisa Martelloni, Michele Raffaelli, Christian Frasconi, Marco Ginanni, and Andrea Peruzzi

region in Italy for spinach production—the coastal area being particularly suitable for this crop. The total harvested area of spinach in Tuscany is ≈1100 ha annually, with a total production of ≈16,320 Mg ( Regione Toscana, 2015 ). Spinach is grown in

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Roland Ebel

and Koohafkan, 2004 ), and it is highly sustainable. Traditional chinampas are biodiverse; they can be kept in almost continuous cultivation, their soils are renewable, and they create a microenvironment that protects crops from frosts ( Morehart and

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Maxym Reva, Custodia Cano, Miguel-Angel Herrera, and Alberto Bago

physiological equilibrium, higher yield, and healthier and more sustainable crop production are obtained ( Baum et al., 2015 ). Different studies have revealed the important role that AM may have in temperature stress alleviation ( Mathur et al., 2018 ; Zhu et

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Carl J. Rosen and Deborah L. Allan

The use of organic farming techniques to grow crops has gained in popularity in recent years as a result of both an increase in consumer demand for organically grown produce and a genuine desire on the part of many growers to sustain or improve the

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Rachel E. Rudolph, Lisa W. DeVetter, Chris Benedict, and Inga A. Zasada

-quality crops. Many of those practices are common in modern agriculture, but they can be detrimental to soil quality. Soil quality, or soil health, has been defined as the “continued capacity of the soil to function” as a living ecosystem that sustains plants

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Kuan Qin and Daniel I. Leskovar

). Therefore, sustainable agricultural systems that include the combination of optimized irrigation and organic input could be applied in the production of horticultural crops to address the pressing social, economic, and environmental issues of water shortage

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Erin M. Silva and Geraldine Muller

Organic agriculture production has expanded to 4.8 million acres in the United States, with 2,643,221 acres of organic cropland and 156,615 acres of vegetable crops [ U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), 2008 ]. The market for organic food