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Valtcho D. Zheljazkov, Vasile Cerven, Charles L. Cantrell, Wayne M. Ebelhar, and Thomas Horgan

distillation, all peppermint samples were air-dried in shade. Essential oils were extracted from 250 g air-dried plant material (stems, leaves, and flowers) for 1 h distillation time by steam distillation on a modified Clevenger collector apparatus (Hearthmagic

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Hanah T. Rheay, Kevin Lombard, Catherine Brewer, and F. Omar Holguin

. Units Literature cited American Society of Brewing Chemists 2008a Hops method 13: Total essential oils in hops and hop pellets by steam distillation. Amer. Soc. Brewing Chem., St. Paul, MN. doi: 10.1094/asbcmoa-hops-13 American Society of Brewing

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Valtcho D. Zheljazkov, Charles L. Cantrell, Tess Astatkie, and Ekaterina Jeliazkova

Nov. (–3 °C) ( Fig. 1 ). Fig. 1. Temperature from 14 Sept. 2011 to 1 Nov. 2011 at Sheridan, WY. The yields of fresh herbage were taken. The essential oil was extracted from fresh samples (500 g each) through steam distillation in 2-L steam distillation

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William Reichert, H. Chung Park, H. Rodolfo Juliani, and James E. Simon

industry could increase their income significantly by planting this new cultivar given it was developed as an improved source of essential oil of catnip for larger growers with steam distillation facilities. Availability This new cultivar developed by the

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Diego Cunha Zied, Marli Teixeira Almeida Minhoni, J. Emilio Pardo-González, and Arturo Pardo-Giménez

) Imbach. Terra di coperura e ricoprimento 206 210 Fungi I. Micologia, isolamento, coltivazione Edagricole Bologna, Italy Foss 2003 The determination of nitrogen according to Kjeldahl using block digestion and steam distillation Foss Application Note AN 300

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Ricardo Goenaga, A. Graves Gillaspie Jr, and Adolfo Quiles

soil in 40 mL distilled water. Soil ammonium and nitrate were determined by steam distillation. Bicarbonate was determined in a saturated soil paste by titrating with 0.05 N sulfuric acid standardized with 0.01% methyl orange indicator ( USDA-NRCS, 1996

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Ricardo Goenaga, Heber Irizarry, David Jenkins, Debbie Boykin, and Angel Marrero

and Sommers, 2007 ). Soil ammonium and nitrate were determined by steam distillation ( Mulvaney, 2007 ). Scionwood obtained from a single ‘Prolific’ tree was side-veneer grafted onto open-pollinated seedlings (maternal half-sibs) rootstocks of

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Valtcho D. Zheljazkov, Charles L. Cantrell, William B. Evans, M. Wayne Ebelhar, and Christine Coker

., 2007 ; Trevisan et al., 2006 ). Basil essential oil has been traditionally extracted from whole aboveground herbage (stems, leaves, and flowers) using steam distillation ( Topalov, 1962 ; Trevisan et al., 2006 ). The optimal harvesting stage for

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Natta Laohakunjit, Orapin Kerdchoechuen, Frank B. Matta, Juan L. Silva, and William E. Holmes

. Volatiles were monitored by GC-MS, after various extraction methods, as simultaneous steam distillation extraction in sapodilla fruit ( Macleod and Troconis, 1982 ), fraction distillation in durian ( Weenen et al., 1996 ), liquid extraction in rambutan ( Ong

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Orapin Kerdchoechuen, Natta Laohakunjit, Sasathorn Singkornard, and Frank B. Matta

of the filtrate was adjusted to 7 L in 10-L round-bottom flasks attached to the modified Likens and Nickerson steam distillation continuous extraction head of the SDE apparatus. The solvent, 100 mL 99% hexane (QReC; Bharat Petroleum Corp, India), was