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Yuliya A. Salanenka, Martin C. Goffinet, and Alan G. Taylor

PE envelope in a decoated cucumber seed showing a tissue remnant located in the micropylar region (MR). (C) The chalazal zone (CZ) of the PE envelope at the end of the seed opposite from the micropyle. (D–J) Anatomy and histochemistry of tissues

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Yuliya A. Salanenka and Alan G. Taylor

Seed treatments are widely used in agriculture and have desirable properties as pesticides, disinfectants, or plant growth regulators ( Taylor, 2003 ). Many seed treatment active materials have systemic activity providing protection of the

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Matthew D. Madsen, Michael A. Fidanza, Nicholas S. Barney, Stanley J. Kostka, Turmandakh Badrakh, and Mica F. McMillan

Less than optimal establishment of new turfgrass lawns from seed is often the result of slow and nonuniform germination and emergence because of poor environmental growing conditions ( Christians, 1998 ; Frelich et al., 1973 ; Perry, 1980

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Rebecca C.-C. Hsu and Yung-I Lee

epidermis. In: Anatomy of seed plants. 2 nd Ed. Wiley, New York, NY Fay, M.F. 1992 Conservation of rare and endangered plants using in vitro methods In Vitro Cell. Dev. Biol. Plant 28 1 4 Lee, Y.I. 2010 Micropropagation of Cypripedium formosanum Hayata

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Ute Albrecht and Kim D. Bowman

the tree canopy. Fruit produced on infected trees are often small or misshapen, do not color properly, and often contain aborted seeds. Later stages of the disease lead to fruit drop and twig dieback, rendering a tree nonproductive within 2 to 3 years

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Guochen K. Png, Katherine S. Downes, and Beng H. Tan

outstanding ornamental horticultural potential, there is a dearth of knowledge regarding the propagation of this species. Any research leading to its successful propagation will contribute to its horticultural development as well as its conservation. Seed

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Ze-yuan Mi, Ding-hao Lv, Guang-hui Jiang, Jun-feng Niu, Shi-qiang Wang, and Zhe-zhi Wang

of B. striata . ( B ) Fruit anatomy diagram. ( C ) TTC staining of B. striata seeds. ( D – H ) Five signature stages of B. striata seed germination. ( I ) Seed germination in the matrix. When the first leave sprouted, a 0.5% water solution of

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Claudia A. Espinosa-Leal and Silverio Garcia-Lara

98 105 Varela, R.O. Albornoz, P.L. 2013 Morpho-anatomy, imbibition, viability and germination of the seed of Anadenanthera colubrina var. cebil (Fabaceae) Rev. Biol. Trop. 61 1109 1118

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Huanfang Liu, Chelsea D. Specht, Tong Zhao, and Jingping Liao

), comparative root anatomy was systematically examined across the Zingiberaceae, including Z. officinale ( Uma and Muthukumar, 2014 ), and the vascular pattern of the rhizome was characterized in a histological study focused on the rhizome Z. officinale

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Godfrey P. Miles, Ed Stover, Chandrika Ramadugu, Manjunath L. Keremane, and Richard F. Lee

commercial fruit types necessary to satisfy consumer demands. The objective of this study was to evaluate growth and visible disease severity metrics on progenies of 83 diverse seed-source accessions of Citrus and Citrus relatives in a Florida field