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Youping Sun, Donglin Zhang, and John Smagula

1-naphthylacetic acid (NAA); plantlets rooted in vitro acclimated using dome for first 2 weeks ( I ), and then kept under mist for 2 more weeks ( J ), (K) Acclimated plantlet transplanted into pots. Effects of cytokinins on multiple shoot

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Thomas M. Todaro and Imed E. Dami

; Zabadal et al., 2007 ). In this situation, vine recovery was accomplished by retraining new shoots for trunk replacement. To restore growth balance, grapevines are managed differently by training multiple shoots (called suckers) from the trunk base on a

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Kirandeep K. Mann, Arnold W. Schumann, Thomas A. Obreza, and Jerry B. Sartain

) weekly using a SPAD-502 chlorophyll meter (Minolta Corp., Ramsey, NJ). Shoot length was also measured weekly. Interveinal chlorosis symptoms on the leaves were rated using six classes with 0 as green and healthy, 1 as slightly yellow, 2 as one-fourth of

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Xiaoling He, Susan C. Miyasaka, Yi Zou, Maureen M.M. Fitch, and Yun J. Zhu

studies on callus initiation. Cultivar Bun Long was used in all experiments. Initiation of taro calluses. Shoot tips were excised under a microscope using the method of Hartman (1974) as the first step in producing DsMV-free plantlets. Multiple

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Paolo Sabbatini and G. Stanley Howell

potential is determined by the genotypic bud fruitfulness and the traditional crop control strategy achieved by winter pruning, node count adjustment, and, for further fine-tuning, by shoot and cluster thinning. However, manual cluster thinning is time

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Jie Li, Scott M. Leisner, and Jonathan Frantz

., 1997 ). Among heavy metal-transporting P-type ATPases (HMAs), the protein encoded by the HMA5 gene is mainly expressed in pericycle cells ( Birnbaum et al., 2003 ), and it is speculated to play a role in Cu transport from roots to shoots ( Andrés

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Limeng Xie, Patricia Klein, Kevin Crosby, and John Jifon

-generation sequencing platforms with enzyme-based genome reduction ( Elshire et al., 2011 ; Morishige et al., 2013 ; Spindel et al., 2013 ). The goals of this research were to study phenotypes of root and shoot traits in an F 2 interspecific population ( S

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Ji Jhong Chen, Yuxiang Wang, Asmita Paudel, and Youping Sun

), triple-line source sprinkler system ( Aragues et al., 1992 ), and double-emitter source (DES) system ( De Malach et al., 1996 ), can screen multiple plant species for salinity tolerance at a wide range of salinity levels while reducing labor costs. Hawks

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Steven McArtney, J.D. Obermiller, and A. Green

alone ( Miller, 1998 ). However, GA 4+7 sprays for russet control did reduce the level of shoot growth control normally obtained with multiple P-Ca sprays. We recently reported that a single application of P-Ca at PF reduced the severity of another skin

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Eugene K. Blythe and Jeff L. Sibley

bright red berries in the fall and winter ( Gilman, 1999 ), they are grown primarily for their form and foliage ( Berry, 1994 ). ‘Dwarf Burford’ holly can be propagated by stem cuttings at multiple times during the year. Newly matured or semimature wood