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Paige L. Herring, Abbey C. Noah, and Helen T. Kraus

produced from cow and poultry manures maintained suitable physical properties for production of transplants ( Bustamante et al., 2008 ). Research has (and is) being conducted incorporating composts to grow basil, coriander ( Coriandrum sativum ), peppermint

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Jean Pierre Kapongo, P.G. Kevan, and J.H. Giliomee

farms, poultry houses, as well as in suburban and urban localities ( Achiano and Giolomee, 2005 ; Murphy, 1982 ). As a generalist parasitoid, we thought it could be used to parasitize the pupae of C. capitata in a vineyard. However, to be considered

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Lauren Lindsey, Raymon Shange, Ramble O. Ankumah, Desmond G. Mortley, and Sangita Karki

which have important antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, thus its cultivation is encouraged in developing countries where malnutrition associated health issues are high (Mortley et al., 2017; Chang et al., 2010 ; Choi et al., 2009 ; Failla

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Luis A. Ribera, Marco A. Palma, Mechel Paggi, Ronald Knutson, Joseph G. Masabni, and Juan Anciso

bacterium Escherichia coli O157:H7 ( Calvin, 2007 ). The next day the warning was expanded to include all fresh spinach. The FDA worked with California Health Services agencies to investigate and determine the source of the contaminated spinach

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Danielle D. Treadwell, George J. Hochmuth, Robert C. Hochmuth, Eric H. Simonne, Lei L. Davis, Wanda L. Laughlin, Yuncong Li, Teresa Olczyk, Richard K. Sprenkel, and Lance S. Osborne

wetting agents; however, these components are available in approved organic forms. Starter fertilizers are typically dehydrated and pelletized animal waste or animal byproducts (e.g., feathermeal). Saponin, a derivative of the yucca plant ( Yucca spp

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Azeezahmed Shaik, Hardeep Singh, Sukhbir Singh, Thayne Montague, and Jacobo Sanchez

from sources certified as organic by the Organic Material Review Institute (OMRI). Mostly, OFs from plant and animal sources such as blood meal, meat and bone meal, fish meal, seabird guano, chicken manure, poultry manure, and turkey manure are often

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Mark Gaskell and Richard Smith

can help apply knowledge of SOM cycling to organic soil fertility ( Horwath et al., 2002 ; Stevenson, 1994 ). Decomposition of the organic matter from plants and animals by soil microbes and fauna leads to the formation of humic substances that

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Mehdi Sharifi, Julia Reekie, Andrew Hammermeister, Mohammed Zahidul Alam, and Taylor MacKey

( Doran et al., 1996 ; Granatstein and Sanchez, 2009 ). The N requirement in organic apple orchards is usually supplied through leguminous cover crops biological N fixation (BNF) and/or the use of organic amendments such as composted animal manure and

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. Patil 1 , 1 Vegetable and Fruit Improvement Center, Department of Horticultural Sciences, 2 Department of Poultry Science, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77845 Citrus fruits contain a multitude of bioactive compounds with various health

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Nathan O. Nelson and Rhonda R. Janke

with frequent tillage. AMF colonization appears to be greater in low P soils rather than high, although application of P in the form of manures and composts does not always inhibit colonization ( Gosling et al., 2006 ). An organic system with animal