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Cancan Zhu, Liu Liu, Min Wang, Yuqiang Zhao, Yu Chen, Xiaomei Lu, and Guomin Geng

produced larger nuts than other varieties, with the nut height to nut width ratio of 1.08 ± 0.03, a hilum length to nut width ratio of 1.15 ± 0.06, 0.0% polyembryonic nuts, 0.13% pericarp splitting, and weak degree of penetration of the seedcoat into the

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Mahn-Jo Kim, Uk Lee, and Yunmi Park

≈24 Sept. ‘Jahong’ has short and dense burrs, dark brown nuts, a rounded triangular shape, a nut height-to-nut width ratio of 0.86, and a hilum length-to-nut width ratio of 0.59. So, the nuts from ‘Jahong’ can be distinguished from those of other

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Melike Cirak and James R. Myers

seed color, closed hilum and/or micropyle, presence of water gaps in the lens, and cracks in the seedcoat cuticle have all been associated with differences between hard and soft seed in terms of water permeability (Smýkal et al., 2014 ). In general

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Bhaskar Bondada and Markus Keller

: 10 mm ( A ), 1 mm ( B–D, G–I ), 50 μm ( E ), 250 μm ( F ), 250 μm ( J ), 50 μm ( K ), 250 μm ( L ), and 250 μm ( M ). AN = apical notch; AVB = axial vascular bundle; B = beak; C = chalaza; DE = distal end; F = fossettes; H = hilum; K = karina; OVB

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Christina H. Hagerty, Alfonso Cuesta-Marcos, Perry Cregan, Qijian Song, Phil McClean, and James R. Myers

might be present in OSU5446. Flower color (white for OSU5446 and purple for RR6950) indicated the presence of V in RR6950. RR6950 seed were shiny ( JJ ) and possessed a hilum ring ( DD ). OSU5446 had shiny seed but p masked hilum ring color. No

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Luwbia Aranda, Timothy G. Porch, Mark J. Bassett, Laura Lara, and Perry B. Cregan

brief review of the genetics of partly colored seed coats in common bean Annu. Rep. Bean Improv. Coop. 43 99 101 Bassett, M.J. Shearon, C. McClean, P.E. 1999 Allelism found between two common bean genes, hilum ring color ( D ) and partly colored seedcoat

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Mark J. Bassett and Phillip N. Miklas

of seed coat color and pattern in common bean Plant Breed. Rev. 28 239 315 Bassett, M.J. Shearon, C. McClean, P. 1999 Allelism found between two common bean genes, hilum ring color ( D ) and partly

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Jessa Hughes, Hamid Khazaei, and Albert Vandenberg

developed based on simple Mendelian genetic models. They have also been used to describe many other traits in faba bean such as hilum color, seedcoat color, flower color, pigmentation and dwarfism ( Khazaei et al., 2014 ; O’Sullivan and Angra, 2016

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Ronald S. Revord, J. Michael Nave, Ronald S. Revord, J. Michael Nave, Gregory Miller, Nicholas Meier, J. Bryan Webber, Michael A. Gold, and Tom Wahl

to the United States by Craddock and Pellegrino (1992 ). It has a high level of resistance to Phytophthora spp. and a reputation for producing good offspring. Its nuts (18–22 g) have a pretty reddish color and large hilum. Their flavor is good, and

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Mary Lewis, Matthew Chappell, Donglin Zhang, and Rebekah Maynard

medium type in 100- × 15-mm petri dishes (Thermo Fisher Scientific). It should be noted that even though the dividing hilum scar appears to be an easier place to make the incision, a vertical excising cut down the middle of the seed will often puncture