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Seong-Tae Choi, Doo-Sang Park, Seong-Mo Kang, and Seong-Koo Kang

( Forshey and Elfving, 1989 ; Wünsche and Ferguson, 2005 ). Low coloration, low soluble solids, and high firmness of the fruits by the high N rate ( Table 1 ) indicated that high N supply could delay fruit maturation as has been reported for apple ( Neilsen

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Lloyd A. Mitterling and Joseph J. Lucas


Further studies of bird damage on apples indicate that fruit dropping as a result of bird activities may be a greater economic loss than feeding damage. Since feeding wounds are caused during the fruit maturation period, the amount of dropped fruit resulting is directly related to two independent factors; first, the inherent ability of the variety to retain its fruit and second, the stage of fruit maturation when damage occurs.

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Verónica Raga, Guillermo P. Bernet, Emilio A. Carbonell, and Maria J. Asins

rootstocks that would increase TSS and maintain JV under salinity conditions. As a consequence, these rootstocks would induce earlier fruit maturation for a given grafted cultivar under salinity conditions and expand the harvesting period of citrus cultivars

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Xuelian Jiang, Yueling Zhao, Ling Tong, Rui Wang, and Sheng Zhao

best compromise between fruit quality and quantity was obtained in an arid region when the irrigation amount was reduced to two-thirds full irrigation (the lower and upper irrigation limits were 75% and 90% field capacity) at the fruit maturation stage

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Carmen Mena, Alejandra Z. González, Raúl Olivero-David, and María Ángeles Pérez-Jiménez

function of the ripeness state and the variety. The oleic/linoleic ratio, the monounsaturated fatty acid/polyunsaturated fatty acid (MUFA/PUFA) ratio, and unsaturated fatty acid/saturated fatty acid ratio remain stable during fruit maturation, with mean

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Max G. Villalobos-Acuña, William V. Biasi, Sylvia Flores, Elizabeth J. Mitcham, Rachel B. Elkins, and Neil H. Willits

pears by partially blocking gas exchange, thereby reducing ethylene production and action ( Kader, 1995 ). 1-MCP + adjuvant significantly delayed fruit maturation on the tree, especially for H1 and H2 in 2006 and H2 in 2007 when compared with the

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Xuelian Jiang, Yueling Zhao, Rui Wang, and Sheng Zhao

that water stress at the fruit maturation and harvesting stages in a greenhouse in arid northwest China significantly affected tomato yield. Chen et al. (2014) found that tomato yield was sensitive to water deficit at the flowering, fruit development

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Shugang Zhao, Jiamin Niu, Linying Yun, Kai Liu, Shuang Wang, Jing Wen, Hongxia Wang, and ZhiHua Zhang

fruit maturation, the endocarp formed the nut shell, which consisted of three parts from the outside in: a layer of sclereids with an extremely thick secondary cell wall (L1), a layer of sclerenchymal cells with a partly thickened secondary cell wall (L2

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Takashi Nishizawa, Satoshi Taira, Masanori Nakanishi, Masanori Ito, Masahiro Togashi, and Yoshie Motomura

Acetaldehyde and ethanol production by muskmelon fruit were promoted by short-term shading of the plants for 5 days from 10 to 15 days prior to fruit maturation. Sucrose concentrations in the fruit flesh were reduced by shading, while fructose and glucose concentrations did not differ. Shading also accelerated the development of a “water-soaked” appearance in the flesh.

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J. W. Kesterson, R. J. Braddock, R. C. J. Koo, and R. L. Reese


Arsenic (As) and lead (Pb) sprays applied to grapefruit (Citrus paradisi Macfad.) accelerate fruit maturity but do not contribute to the As and Pb content of the peel oil. The physicochemical properties of the expressed oils are influenced by this induced maturity but would occur naturally in the course of normal fruit maturation.