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Thanidchaya Puthmee, Kenji Takahashi, Midori Sugawara, Rieko Kawamata, Yoshie Motomura, Takashi Nishizawa, Toshiyuki Aikawa, and Wilawan Kumpoun

-related traits ( Causse et al., 2002 ; Chaïb et al., 2007 ; Chapman et al., 2012 ). Fruit surfaces are generally covered with the lipophilic substance referred to as a “cutin,” which impedes the loss of water from hypodermal tissues. Nevertheless, water in the

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Chun-hui Shi, Xiao-qing Wang, Xue-ying Zhang, Lian-ying Shen, Jun Luo, and Yu-xing Zhang

. Submicrostructures of the outer epidermis and longitudinal section of the peel are shown in Fig. 4 . It can be seen that the degree of cutin rupture and suberization was higher in the white (control) group and red group than in the other groups, whereas the

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He Li, Cheng-Jiang Ruan, Li Wang, Jian Ding, and Xing-Jun Tian

. Population genetic software for teaching and research - An update Bioinformatics 28 2537 2539 Pollard, M. Beisson, F. Li, Y. Ohlrogge, J.B. 2008 Building lipid barriers: Biosynthesis of cutin and suberin Trends Plant Sci. 13 236 246 Pruitt, K.D. Tatusova, T

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Steven J. Damon, Russell L. Groves, and Michael J. Havey

, E.F. 1978 Antixenosis - A new term proposed to define Painter's ‘nonpreference’ modality of resistance Entomol. Soc. Amer. Bul. 24 175 176 Kolattukudy, P.E. Espelie, K.E. 1985 Biosynthesis of cutin, suberin, and associated waxes, p. 161–207. In

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Kendra M. Blaker and James W. Olmstead

of cutin and associated waxes ( Esau, 1977 ). Collenchyma cells and phloem elements have thickened primary cell walls that provide tensile strength to surrounding tissues. Xylem and sclerenchyma cells such as fibers and sclereids have thick and

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Colleen Kennedy, Tomas N. Hasing, Natalia A. Peres, and Vance M. Whitaker

penetration and that cutin acids may function as inhibitors to penetration. Morphologically, F. chiloensis accessions typically have thick, leathery leaves, which are in great contrast to the leaves of F. virginiana , which are noticeably less waxy and

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Weiping Zhong, Zhoujun Zhu, Fen Ouyang, Qi Qiu, Xiaoming Fan, and Deyi Yuan

. Zhang, P. Chen, L. Gao, Y. Liang, W. Zhang, D. 2010 Cytochrome P450 family member CYP704B2 catalyzes the {omega}-hydroxylation of fatty acids and is required for anther cutin biosynthesis and pollen exine formation in rice Plant Cell 22 173 190 Li, N

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Thomas O. Athoo, Andreas Winkler, and Moritz Knoche

plus intracuticular) allows estimation of the relative contributions to total resistance of the pedicel surface by the cell wall, the wax, and the cutin. These calculations reveal that the cuticle and, particularly, the wax are responsible for most of

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Esmaeil Fallahi and Thomas Eichert

cations on diffusion, hydrodynamic permeability and size of polar pores in the cutin matrix Planta 128 113 126 Schonherr, J. 2000 Calcium chloride penetrates plant cuticles via aqueous pores Planta 212 112 118 Schonherr, J. 2006 Characterization of aqueous

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Eduardo D. Munaiz and Michael J. Havey

8 encodes long-chain acyl-CoA synthetase 1 (LACS1) that has overlapping functions with LACS2 in plant wax and cutin synthesis Plant J. 59 553 564 Mohan, S.K. Molenaar, N. 2005 Powdery mildew caused by Leveillula taurica on glossy leaf genotypes of