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Danise Coon, Derek W. Barchenger, and Paul W. Bosland

Chile peppers have been highly regarded as ornamental plants since being introduced to Europe in the 15th century ( Armitage and Hamilton, 1987 ). Chile peppers considered by the horticulture industry to be “ornamental,” are compact plants with

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Israel S. Joukhadar, Stephanie J. Walker, and Paul A. Funk

Demand for new mexico pod–type green chile in the United States has been rising for decades ( Gandonou and Waliczek, 2013 ), yet domestic production has been declining because of both limited availability of labor and associated costs ( Funk and

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Basilio Carrasco, Marcelo Garcés, Pamela Rojas, Guillermo Saud, Raúl Herrera, Jorge B. Retamales, and Peter D.S. Caligari

The chilean strawberry is a polyploid (2n = 8X = 56) clonally reproducing species, which belongs to the Rosaceae family ( Hancock et al., 1999 ). Its natural populations are distributed widely in Chile between lat. 34°55′S and 47°33′S ( Lavín et

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Derek W. Barchenger, Joseph I. Said, Yang Zhang, Mingzhou Song, Franchesca A. Ortega, Yeasong Ha, Byoung-Cheorl Kang, and Paul W. Bosland

Chile peppers are native to the arid regions of the Andes Mountains in what is now Peru and Bolivia, and at least 35 wild species have been identified within the genus. As one of the oldest New World crops, chile pepper domestication began ≈8000

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Paul W. Bosland, Danise Coon, and Gregory Reeves

Chile peppers ( Capsicum sp.) are cultivated worldwide and are often prized for their heat ( Bosland and Votava, 2012 ). A widely used heat measurement for chile peppers is the SHU ( Scoville, 1912 ). This measurement is the highest dilution of a

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Paul W. Bosland, Danise Coon, and Peter H. Cooke

Chile peppers are one of the first crops domesticated in the Western Hemisphere about 10,000 BCE ( Perry et al., 2007 ). In fact, the Capsicum genus was so important to humans that when they came into contact with it, five different Capsicum

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Derek W. Barchenger, Khin Thandar, Thain Gi Myint, Tran Ngoc Hung, Nguyen Quoc Hung, Shih-wen Lin, Yen-wei Wang, and Tsung-han Lin

Chile pepper ( Capsicum annuum ) is an important crop worldwide, with an estimated 25% of people consuming some form (vegetable, spice, or food colorant) of pepper every day ( Halikowski-Smith 2015 ). In 2017, global harvested area of chile peppers

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Paul W. Bosland, Jaime Iglesias, and Max M. Gonzalez

1 Associate Professor. 2 Research Assistant. We acknowledge the New Mexico Chile Commission for its support of this project. A contribution of the New Mexico Agricultural Experiment Station, New Mexico State Univ., Las Cruces. The cost of

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Harmandeep Sharma, Manoj K. Shukla, Paul W. Bosland, and Robert L. Steiner

Chile pepper ( Capsicum annuum L.) is an important commercially cultivated crop in many countries including China, Mexico, Korea, and United States. United States ranked fifth among top 20 chile-producing countries with 918, 210 t of production. In

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Ariadna Monroy-Barbosa and Paul W. Bosland

Chile pepper is a very important crop worldwide, being used in the food industry as well as a coloring agent for food and cosmetics, an ingredient in pain relief medicine, antimugger sprays, and so on ( Bosland, 1996 ; Lucier and Jerardo, 2006