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Adam D. Karl, Michael G. Brown, Sihui Ma, Ann Sandbrook, Amanda C. Stewart, Lailiang Cheng, Anna Katharine Mansfield, and Gregory M. Peck

‘Medaille d’Or’ apples, peel blush was assessed visually as the area of the fruit peel with red coloration. The SPI was rated on a 1- to 8-point scale, with 1 = 0% starch degradation and 8 = 100% starch degradation ( Blanpied and Silsby, 1992 ). Harvest was

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Thomas E. Marler and Nirmala Dongol

with the quotient (glucose + fructose + maltose + sucrose)/starch. Patterns of NSCs were plotted to observe the general trends. The younger seed age trends exhibited a linear response with considerable positive or negative slope. The older seed age

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Pedro Brás de Oliveira, Maria José Silva, Ricardo B. Ferreira, Cristina M. Oliveira, and António A. Monteiro

similar for plants pruned on 1 July and 15 July, but that plants pruned on 29 July accumulated more starch at the end of harvest. The starch utilization pattern by the roots was similar in 1994 and 1995, although at the end of harvest in 1995, starch was

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Karen Mesa, Sara Serra, Andrea Masia, Federico Gagliardi, Daniele Bucci, and Stefano Musacchi

the avocado Sci. Agr. 25 99 110 Seager, N.G. Haslemore, R.M. 1993 Rapid estimation of fruit starch and soluble sugar concentrations in kiwifruit. HortScience 28:948–950 Silver, W.L. Miya, R.K. 2001 Global patterns in root decomposition: Comparisons of

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Yuanyuan Miao, Qiaosheng Guo, Zaibiao Zhu, Xiaohua Yang, Changlin Wang, Yuan Sun, and Li Liu

) synthesizing SS and AGPase activity patterns were found to correlate well with the amount of ADPG and starch content in plants ( Baroja-Fernández et al., 2003 ). Cheng et al. (2013a , 2013b ) discovered that a gene encoding GBSS enhanced messenger RNA (mRNA

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Huicong Wang and Lailiang Cheng

had lower starch index (higher starch) in fruit at harvest than those receiving high N supply during the same period or low N supply at later times. Fallahi et al. (2001) also noticed that ‘Fuji’ apple trees receiving low N supply had a slightly

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Wojciech J. Janisiewicz, Robert A. Saftner, William S. Conway, and Philip L. Forsline

tested for starch content using the iodine test and the 1–9 scale developed for ‘Golden Delicious’ ( Smith et al., 1979 ). Only fruit with a starch index above 3 were harvested. When available, at least 80 fruit per accession were harvested. However, it

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Martin P.N. Gent

( Yamori et al., 2010 ). The diurnal pattern of sugars in lettuce ( Gent, 2012a ) was very similar to that of starch in spinach. Sugars are not an osmoticum affecting nitrate content of spinach, where sugar is rapidly converted to starch, although has been

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Jinwook Lee, James P. Mattheis, and David R. Rudell

cracking related to ripening and senescence. The results reported here indicate fruit size did not impact at-harvest IEC, firmness, or starch pattern index within the same year (data not shown), although fruit IEC and quality attributes were different

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Jingyi Lv, Yonghong Ge, Canying Li, Mengyuan Zhang, and Jianrong Li

with three fruit for each subgroup were pooled together (cortex with skin), frozen in liquid nitrogen, and stored immediately at −80 °C until further use. Ethylene production, flesh firmness, and starch–iodine index. Ethylene production was determined