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Pilar Andreu, Arancha Arbeloa, Pilar Lorente, and Juan A. Marín

tolerant species, making salinity a serious human as well as ecological concern ( Byrt and Munns, 2008 ). Hence, efforts to increase salt tolerance of crop plants could potentially improve crop yield and support agriculture on marginal lands ( Türkan and

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Waltram Ravelombola, Jun Qin, Yuejin Weng, Beiquan Mou, and Ainong Shi

− according to Wallender and Tanji (2011) . Salinity due to sodium chloride (NaCl) has been predominant ( Ayers and Westcot, 1985 ); hence, tolerance to this type of salt was reported in this current investigation. The estimate of cropland areas facing

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Waltram Second Ravelombola, Ainong Shi, Yuejin Weng, John Clark, Dennis Motes, Pengyin Chen, and Vibha Srivastava

. In addition, salinity had negative effects on plant growth, cell extension, cell division, and photosynthesis ( Maas and Hoffman, 1977 ). The evaluation of salt tolerance requires a controlled environment. Field screening is an available technique to

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Shanshan Sun, Mengying An, Liebao Han, and Shuxia Yin

. et Mey under drought stress condition ( Li et al., 2012 ) and improved the salt tolerance of two wheat ( Triticum aestivum Linn.) varieties ( Sairam, 1994 ). Similar results were also reported in Brassica juncea (L.) ( Yusuf et al., 2008 ), which

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Nisa Leksungnoen, Roger K. Kjelgren, Richard C. Beeson Jr., Paul G. Johnson, Grant E. Cardon, and Austin Hawks

high desert IMW, low water landscaping with regionally native plants is promoted to conserve water, concurrent with use of reclaimed water ( Meyer et al., 2009 ). Apart from the local halophytic, C4 members of the Chenopodiaceae, salt tolerance of other

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Tingting Zhao, Jingkang Hu, Yingmei Gao, Ziyu Wang, Yufang Bao, Xiaochun Zhang, Huanhuan Yang, Dongye Zhang, Jingbin Jiang, He Zhang, Jingfu Li, Qingshan Chen, and Xiangyang Xu

gene and determine the relationship between SL-ZH13 expression and salt tolerance ability of tomato plants, we applied virus-induced gene silencing technology to decrease the expression level of SL-ZH13 in tomato plants and analyzed changes in the

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He Huang, Yuting Liu, Ya Pu, Mi Zhang, and Silan Dai

higher plants and require supplements for farmlands ( Deinlein et al., 2014 ; Katiyar-Agarwal et al., 2005 ). It is extremely difficult to enhance tolerance to salt stress in plants by genetic engineering because the reaction to salt stress in plants is

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Nydia Celis, Donald L. Suarez, Laosheng Wu, Rui Li, Mary Lu Arpaia, and Peggy Mauk

growth and is triggered before shoot Na + accumulation; ion exclusion, during which Na + and Cl – in the roots reduce the accumulation of toxic concentrations of Na + and Cl – within leaves; and, last, tissue tolerance, in which high salt

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Erick Amombo, Huiying Li, and Jinmin Fu

the most important cool-season turfgrasses, the use of tall fescue in tropical regions has been constrained by remarkably poor salt tolerance compared with warm-season turfgrasses ( Alshammary et al., 2004 ; Watkins et al., 2011 ). Interestingly

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Longxing Hu, Zehui Huang, Shuqian Liu, and Jinmin Fu

Salt stress is one of the major abiotic factors that affects plant growth. Shoot and root growth reduction is a common response to salt stress because plant growth is one of the most important agricultural indicators of salt stress tolerance