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Shirley Miller, Peter Alspach, Jessica Scalzo, and John Meekings

cross-pollination between cultivars is widely acknowledged by commercial growers, there is little information available on cultivar compatibility for home gardeners. Thus, when a new blueberry cultivar becomes available to the retail sector, one of the

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Huating Dou and Fred G. Gmitter

increased demand has occurred primarily in specialty fruit, mainly mandarins. The Fresh Orange and Specialty Advisory Council, under the Florida Citrus Commission, is planning to release three new cultivars each year for fresh fruit production beginning in

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Xiao-Juan Wei, Xiao-Jing Liang, Jin-Lin Ma, Kai-Xiang Li, and Haiying Liang

Cascade’ ( Fei et al., 2013 ) are a few examples of new and distinct cultivars that were recently patented. We obtained a novel interspecific hybrid cultivar, Camellia ‘Maozi’, by crossing C. japonica ‘Dahong Mudan’ ( Fig. 1A ) with C. pubipetala

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Adam D. Call, Adam D. Criswell, Todd C. Wehner, Kaori Ando, and Rebecca Grumet

resistant cultivars ( Call, 2010 ). The objective of this study was to determine the resistance of previously and currently grown cultivars to the new strain of downy mildew, present since 2004. We also evaluated cultivars for ability to produce high yield

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Duane W. Greene and Wesley R. Autio

There is a general increase in interest in planting new apple cultivars. The loss of daminozide has provided an additional stimulus for growers in New England to find an alternative to McIntosh. Promising new apple cultivars have been identified from around the world and from breeding programs in Arkansas, British Columbia, New York, New Jersey and the PRI Program. Trees were propagated and planted in a cultivar evaluation block at the University of Massachusetts Horticultural Research Center. In 1992 we evaluated over 80 new cultivars. Fruit assessment consisted of laboratory analysis and visual and sensory evaluation. All cultivar were given an overall rating, and several were identified as being worthy of further evaluation. These apple cultivars include: Arlet, BC 9P 14-32, BC 8M 15-10, BC 17-30, Ginger Gold, Honeycrisp, Kinsei, NJ 55, NY 75414-1, and Sansa.

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M. Joseph Stephens, Peter A. Alspach, Ron A. Beatson, Chris Winefield, and Emily J. Buck

process red raspberry cultivar grown in the PNW, although ‘Wakefield’, released in 2009, accounted for 19% of new plantings in Washington State in 2011. One of the major difficulties with breeding new red raspberry cultivars is the time-consuming nature of

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Mengmeng Zhang, He Huang, Qing Wang, and Silan Dai

chrysanthemum germplasm resources. Chrysanthemum cultivars are genetically highly heterozygous, so conventional crossbreeding between parental cultivars with contrasting target traits is still the most effective way to breed new cultivars ( Teixeira da Silva et

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F. Kappel, P. Toivonen, D.-L. McKenzie, and S. Stan

Several sweet cherry (Prunus avium L.) cultivars were stored in air or modified-atmosphere packages (MAP) at 1 °C for 2 or 4 weeks, respectively. The new cultivars included `Santina', `Sumpaca Celeste', `Sumnue Cristalina', `Sumste Samba', `Sandra Rose', `Sumleta Sonata', and `Skeena', and the standards were `Lapins', `Sweetheart', and `Bing'. Fruit were rated for defects (stem browning, stem shrivel and fruit surface pitting), and fruit quality at harvest and after storage. Weight loss during storage was influenced by year, storage treatment, and cultivar. Stem shrivel, stem browning, and fruit surface pitting varied among cultivars and years. Generally, fruit stored in MAP had higher fruit firmness than at harvest or when stored in air. The respiration rate of fruit was lower in later than in earlier maturing cultivars, but respiration rate at harvest was not related to any of the quality measurements taken after storage.

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Duane W. Greene

Over 225 apple cultivars grown at the Horticultural Research Center in Belchertown have been evaluated for fruit quality and fruit characteristics. Methods used to determine fruit characteristics and organoleptic assessment will be presented. The postharvest potential of the most promising apples will be presented. Two apples ripen about the first of September and show promise for early market. `Sansa' is a medium-sized red apple that ripens about the first of September. It is a high-quality apple with characteristics similar to `Gala'. `Ginger Gold' is a large, firm, mild-flavored, russet-free, yellow apple. `Honeycrisp' is a red apple that ripens in mid-September, before `McIntosh'. It is a large, mild-flavored apple that is sometimes erratic in red color development. It maintains firmness and explosive crispness out of storage better than any other apple evaluated. `Golden Supreme' is an extremely attractive, russet-free `Golden Delicious' type ripening 7 to 10 days before `Golden Delicious'. When ripe it has a very aromatic, fruity flavor. It stores better than `Golden Delicious'. Other apples with merit that have commercial potential include: `Hampshire', `Shizuka', `Cameo', `Creston', `Coop 25', `Coop 29', and `Braeburn'. `Pink Lady' is a very late maturing, new cultivar that is being heavily planted in other areas. Although it does mature here, based upon starch rating, fruit size is small, the flesh is dry and very tart, and taste is only fair.

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Zong-zhe Wan, Ya-nan Li, Xin-yu Qi, Dan Wang, and Ling Wang

., 2016 ). Recently, I. sanguinea breeders have developed and released new cultivars with new color variations. Primarily, these recently released cultivars involved new flower colors. These new cultivars include ‘Zidie’ with a purple flower (C60 M90