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Rick A. Boydston, Treva Anderson, and Steven F. Vaughn

( Sinapis alba ) seed meal (MSM) and other byproducts of the expanding biofuels industry may increase the profitability of biofuel production ( Boydston et al., 2008 ; Miller, 2006 ). Corn gluten meal, a byproduct from corn wet-milling, has been used as a

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Yan Yao, Yao Kong, Ping Zhang, Hua Zhang, Hong-di Huang, and Guang-guang Li

combined protocol for the production of pure lines. To obtain the seeds of pure lines, the four cultivars and one hybrid (Sijiu 19 × 3T-6) were grown until the seventh generation using a combined approach. The first generation spent 42–54 d from the seeds

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Michael J. Havey and Borut Bohanec

Description ‘B8667 A&B’ is intended for production of red, long-day, well-storing hybrids. This inbred line is round in shape, dark red with color extending through the internal rings of the bulb, with good scale retention and excellent storage quality when

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Phillip A. Wadl, John A. Skinner, John R. Dunlap, Sandra M. Reed, Timothy A. Rinehart, Vincent R. Pantalone, and Robert N. Trigiano

dogwood by following the self-pollinations of each species to seed germination. We also capitalize on the natural ability of honeybees to perform self- and controlled pollinations of these species to create intraspecific hybrids that potentially have

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Hsiang-I Lee and Michael J. Havey

techniques to assess pollen quality, p. 41–48. In: M. Cresti and A. Tiezzi (eds.). Sexual plant reproduction. Springer Verlag, Berlin Jones, H.A. Clarke, A. 1943 Inheritance of male sterility in the onion and the production of hybrid seed Proc. Amer. Soc

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Maria I. Villarroel-Zeballos, Chunda Feng, Angela Iglesias, Lindsey J. du Toit, and James C. Correll

soilborne pathogens affect the production of spinach leaf and seed crops ( Correll et al., 1994 ). Although Verticillium dahliae causes Verticillium wilt of more than 200 species of vegetables, field crops, and trees, the fungus was not, until recently

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Whitney D. Phillips, Thomas G. Ranney, Darren H. Touchell, and Thomas A. Eaker

., 2011 ), and ruellia ( Ruellia simplex ) ( Freyre and Moseley, 2012 ). Triploids are typically highly infertile; however, limited fertility and seed production can result from the formation of apomictic embryos or through the union of aneuploid or

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Ronald S. Revord, Sarah T. Lovell, John M. Capik, Shawn A. Mehlenbacher, and Thomas J. Molnar

zones that nearly span the latitudinal range of the United States. Thus, if systematically exploited for breeding interspecific hybrids, C. americana may enable the expansion of commercial hybrid hazelnut production to a wide portion of the eastern and

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Adam Bolton, Aneela Nijabat, Muhammad Mahmood-ur-Rehman, Naima Huma Naveed, A.T.M. Majharul Mannan, Aamir Ali, Mohamed A. Rahim, and Philipp Simon

carrot ( Rosenfeld, 2004 ). High temperature causes heat stress and is considered to be one of the major abiotic factors that limits carrot production because of its adverse effects on seed germination, seedling emergence, and plant growth ( Landjeva et

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Kristina Košmrlj, Jana Murovec, and Borut Bohanec

As a result of ever greater interest in the hull-less seeds of styrian oil pumpkin for oil production or roasted snacks in central Europe and elsewhere, new biotechnological methods are needed to accelerate breeding programs and offer producers